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Prevalence of cardiovascular-related comorbidity in ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis and psoriasis in primary care: a matched retrospective cohort study.

Ahmed, Nadeem; Prior, James; Chen, Ying; Hayward, Richard; Mallen, Christian; Hider, Samantha

Prevalence of cardiovascular-related comorbidity in ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis and psoriasis in primary care: a matched retrospective cohort study. Thumbnail


Authors

Nadeem Ahmed

Ying Chen

Richard Hayward



Abstract

The aim of this study is to compare the prevalence of cardiovascular (CVD)-related comorbidities in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS), psoriatic arthritis (PsA) or psoriasis (Ps) in UK primary care against matched cohorts. Matched retrospective cohort study used a primary care consultation database. Three cohorts were constructed using all patients with a Read code diagnosis of AS, PsA or Ps between 1999 and 2009; each cohort was then compared in a 1:4 ratio to a matched cohort. The prevalence of CVD-related comorbidities (hypertension, ischaemic heart disease, hyperlipidaemia and diabetes mellitus) were identified by the first consultation of a comorbid Read code, in those with an inflammatory condition of interest. The prevalence of CVD-related comorbidities was compared between each inflammatory cohort and their matched cohort using Fisher’s exact test. Ninety-four AS, 106 PsA and 290 Ps patients were identified. Compared with matched cohorts, the most prevalent CVD-related comorbidity in patients with AS was hypertension (35 (37.2 %) vs. 96 matched (25.5 %), p?=?0.03); this was also the case for PsA (41 (38.7 %) vs. 114 matched (26.9 %), p?=?0.02). No differences were seen in the prevalence of other CVD-related comorbidities in those with AS, PsA or Ps compared to their matched cohorts. Our findings provide UK comparisons of CVD-related comorbidities in patients with AS, PsA and Ps alone; specifically, demonstrating increased prevalence of hypertension in AS and PsA cohorts compared to their matched cohorts. This further supports the argument for more evidence in the need for screening and intervention around CVD comorbidities in inflammatory conditions.

Report Type Research Report
Acceptance Date Jul 15, 2016
Publication Date 2016-08
Publicly Available Date May 26, 2023
Publisher Springer Verlag
Pages 3069-3073
DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s10067-016-3362-2
Keywords ankylosing spondylitis, cardiovascular disease, primary care, psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10067-016-3362-2
PMID 27485152

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