Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

One-month global longitudinal strain identifies patients who will develop pacing-induced left ventricular dysfunction over time: the pacing and ventricular dysfunction (PAVD) study

Mamas

One-month global longitudinal strain identifies patients who will develop pacing-induced left ventricular dysfunction over time: the pacing and ventricular dysfunction (PAVD) study Thumbnail


Authors



Abstract

Background
Predicting which individuals will have a decline in left ventricular (LV) function after pacemaker implantation remains an important challenge. We investigated whether LV global longitudinal strain (GLS), measured by 2D speckle tracking strain echocardiography, can identify patients at risk of pacing-induced left ventricular dysfunction (PIVD) or pacing-induced cardiomyopathy (PICMP).

Methods
Fifty-five patients with atrioventricular block and preserved LV function underwent dual-chamber pacemaker implantation and were followed with serial transthoracic echocardiography for 12 months for the development of PIVD (defined as a reduction in LV ejection fraction (LVEF) =5 percentage points at 12 months) or PICMP (reduction in LVEF to <45%).

Results
At 12 months, 15 (27%) patients developed PIVD; of these, 4 patients developed PICMP. At one month, GLS was significantly lower in the 15 patients who subsequently developed PIVD, compared to those who did not (n = 40) (GLS -12.6 vs. -16.4 respectively; p = 0.022). When patients with PICMP were excluded, one month GLS was significantly reduced compared to baseline whereas LVEF was not. One-month GLS had high predictive accuracy for determining subsequent development of PIVD or PICMP (AUC = 0.80, optimal GLS threshold: <-14.5, sensitivity 82%, specificity 75%); and particularly PICMP (AUC = 0.86, optimal GLS threshold: <-13.5, sensitivity 100%, specificity 71%).

Conclusions
GLS is a novel predictor of decline in LV systolic function following pacemaker implantation, with the potential to identify patients at risk of PIVD before measurable changes in LVEF are apparent. GLS measured one month after implantation has high predictive accuracy for identifying patients who later develop PIVD or PICMP.

Citation

Mamas. (2017). One-month global longitudinal strain identifies patients who will develop pacing-induced left ventricular dysfunction over time: the pacing and ventricular dysfunction (PAVD) study. PloS one, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0162072

Acceptance Date Aug 18, 2016
Publication Date Jan 17, 2017
Journal PLoS One
Print ISSN 1932-6203
Publisher Public Library of Science
DOI https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0162072
Publisher URL https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0162072

Files




You might also like



Downloadable Citations