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From Possibility to Properties? Or from Properties to Possibility?

Allen

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Abstract

This paper contrasts two metaphysical accounts of modality and properties: Modal Realism which treats possible entities as primitive; and Strong Dispositionalism in which metaphysical possibility and necessity are determined by actually existing dispositions or powers. I argue that Strong Dispositionalism loses its initial advantages of simplicity and parsimony over Modal Realism as it is extended and amended to account for metaphysical rather than just causal necessity. Furthermore, to avoid objections to its material and formal adequacy, Strong Dispositionalism requires a richer fundamental ontology which it cannot explicate without appealing either to possible worlds or to an account of counterfactual truth conditions, both of which Strong Dispositionalism was intended to replace.

Citation

Allen. (2016). From Possibility to Properties? Or from Properties to Possibility?. Philosophy, 21-49. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0031819116000577

Acceptance Date Oct 14, 2016
Publication Date Dec 1, 2016
Journal Philosophy
Print ISSN 0031-8191
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Pages 21-49
DOI https://doi.org/10.1017/S0031819116000577
Keywords philosophy,
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0031819116000577

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