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A revised 1000 year atmospheric delta C-13-CO2 record from Law Dome and South Pole, Antarctica

A revised 1000 year atmospheric delta C-13-CO2 record from Law Dome and South Pole, Antarctica Thumbnail


Abstract

[1] We present new measurements of d13C of CO2 extracted from a high-resolution ice core from Law Dome (East Antarctica), together with firn measurements performed at Law Dome and South Pole, covering the last 150?years. Our analysis is motivated by the need to better understand the role and feedback of the carbon (C) cycle in climate change, by advances in measurement methods, and by apparent anomalies when comparing ice core and firn air d13C records from Law Dome and South Pole. We demonstrate improved consistency between Law Dome ice, South Pole firn, and the Cape Grim (Tasmania) atmospheric d13C data, providing evidence that our new record reliably extends direct atmospheric measurements back in time. We also show a revised version of early d13C measurements covering the last 1000?years, with a mean preindustrial level of -6.50‰. Finally, we use a Kalman Filter Double Deconvolution to infer net natural CO2 fluxes between atmosphere, ocean, and land, which cause small d13C deviations from the predominant anthropogenically induced d13C decrease. The main features found from the previous d13C record are confirmed, including the ocean as the dominant cause for the 1940 A.D. CO2 leveling. Our new record provides a solid basis for future investigation of the causes of decadal to centennial variations of the preindustrial atmospheric CO2 concentration. Those causes are of potential significance for predicting future CO2 levels and when attempting atmospheric verification of recent and future global carbon emission mitigation measures through Coupled Climate Carbon Cycle Models.

Citation

(2013). A revised 1000 year atmospheric delta C-13-CO2 record from Law Dome and South Pole, Antarctica. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 8482 -8499. https://doi.org/10.1002/jgrd.50668

Acceptance Date Jul 16, 2013
Publication Date Sep 6, 2013
Journal Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres
Print ISSN 2169-897X
Publisher American Geophysical Union
Pages 8482 -8499
DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/jgrd.50668
Keywords global carbon cycle, carbon stable isotopes, ice cores, CO2, Antarctica
Publisher URL https://doi.org/10.1002/jgrd.50668

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