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Relationship Between Hydrocarbon Composition on the Cuticle of Melipona quadrifasciata (Hymenoptera: Apidae) Workers and the Secretion of the Cephalic Salivary Glands

Poiani, Silvana B.; Morgan, E.D.; Drijfhout, Falko P; Cruz-Landim, Carminda

Relationship Between Hydrocarbon Composition on the Cuticle of Melipona quadrifasciata (Hymenoptera: Apidae) Workers and the Secretion of the Cephalic Salivary Glands Thumbnail


Authors

Silvana B. Poiani

E.D. Morgan

Carminda Cruz-Landim



Abstract

Since chemical communication is pivotal for social insect success, the present paper aimed to quantify and qualify the chemical compounds that might have pheromonal role in both cephalic salivary gland and epicuticle of workers of Melipona quadrifasciata Lepeletier using gas chromatographymass spectrometry (GC/MS). The results indicated that the hydrocarbons were the main compounds in both cephalic salivary gland and epicuticle, followed by esters. Positive Mantel correspondence analysis suggests that the glands could contribute to replenishment of surface compounds as an auxiliary source. Discriminant analysis also pointed out that gland and epicuticle chemical profiles were phase-related.

Citation

Poiani, S. B., Morgan, E., Drijfhout, F. P., & Cruz-Landim, C. (2018). Relationship Between Hydrocarbon Composition on the Cuticle of Melipona quadrifasciata (Hymenoptera: Apidae) Workers and the Secretion of the Cephalic Salivary Glands. Sociobiology, 671 - 678. https://doi.org/10.13102/sociobiology.v65i4.3384

Acceptance Date Aug 16, 2018
Publication Date Oct 11, 2018
Journal Sociobiology
Publisher Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana
Pages 671 - 678
DOI https://doi.org/10.13102/sociobiology.v65i4.3384
Keywords CHC, labial gland, Mantel, pheromone,
stingless bee.
Publisher URL http://doi.org/10.13102/sociobiology.v65i4.3384

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