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The MOCHA Project: Origins, Approach and Methods

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Primary care (PC) is a strong determinant of overall health care. Children make up around a fifth of the population of the European Union and European Economic Area and have their own needs and uptake of PC. However, there is little research into how well PC services address their needs. There are large differences in childhood mortality and morbidity patterns in the EU and EEA countries, and there has been a major epidemiological shift in the past half century from predominantly communicable disease, to non-communicable diseases presenting and increasingly managed in PC. This increase in multifactorial morbidities, such as obesity and learning disability, has led to the need for PC systems to adapt to accommodate these changes. Europe presents a challenging picture of unexplained variation in health care delivery and style and of children’s different health experiences and health-related behaviour. The Models of Child Health Appraised (MOCHA) project aimed to describe the PC systems in detail, analyse their components and appraise them from a number of different viewpoints, including professional, public, political and economic lenses. It did this through nine work packages supported by a core management team, and a network of national agents, individuals in each MOCHA country who had the expertise in research and knowledge of their national health care system to answer a wide range of questions posed by the MOCHA scientific teams.


(2019). The MOCHA Project: Origins, Approach and Methods. In Issues and Opportunities in Primary Health Care for Children in Europe.

Acceptance Date May 6, 2019
Publication Date May 6, 2019
Book Title Issues and Opportunities in Primary Health Care for Children in Europe
ISBN 978-1-78973-354-9
Keywords Child health, Primary care, Scientific appraisal, Research, Child morbidity, Child
Publisher URL


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