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Intrinsic magnetism in nanosheets of SnO2: A first-principles study

Abreu Da Silva Morbec



We propose intrinsic magnetism in nanosheets of SnO2, based on first-principles calculations. The electronic structure and spin density reveal that p orbitals of the oxygen atoms, surrounding Sn vacancies, have a non-itinerant nature which gives birth to localized magnetism. A giant decrease in defect formation energies of Sn vacancies in nanosheets is observed. We, therefore, believe that native defects can be stabilized without any chemical doping. Nanosheets of different thicknesses are also studied, and it is found that it is easier to create vacancies, which are magnetic, at the surface of the sheets. SnO2 nanosheets can, therefore, open new opportunities in the field of spintronics.

Acceptance Date Oct 17, 2012
Publication Date Feb 1, 2013
Journal Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
Print ISSN 0304-8853
Publisher Elsevier
Pages 104 -108
Publisher URL