Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Renal doppler indices and their correlation with laboratory indices of human immunodeficiency virus sero-positive adult individuals

Abstract

Introduction
Renal Doppler resistive index (RI) and pulsatility index (PI) values are potentially more sensitive at detecting renal abnormalities when compared to standard laboratory indices in patients with HIV/AIDS. To the best of our knowledge, there are no published research articles on renal Doppler indices and their correlation with laboratory indices of HIV sero-positive adult individuals. This study aimed to assess the renal function of HIV-sero-positive adults using RI and PI, and correlating these indices against laboratory values.

Methods
A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted from July 2019 to April 2020. A purposive sampling method was employed and included 396 HIV sero-positive adult individuals. Sampling for the renal RI and PI was performed at the level of the inter-lober arteries, in between the medullary pyramids. An RI value above 0.70 and a PI value above 1.56 were consider abnormal. Serum creatine and urea together with evidence of proteinuria were recorded at the time of scanning.

Results
Forty-three (10.9%) men had an abnormal RI, 32 (8.1%) had abnormal PI, five (2.5%) had abnormal creatinine, two (1%) abnormal urea and eight (4.1%) with proteinuria. In women, 29 (7.3%) had abnormal RI, 22 (5.6%) abnormal PI, four (2%) abnormal creatinine and urea and six (3%) had proteinuria. There was a statistically significant weak positive correlation between RI and PI and serum creatinine and urea (r > 0.2, P < 0.05).

Conclusion
The proportion of patients with abnormal RI and PI was higher than the proportion of participants with abnormal serum urea, creatinine and proteinuria. Renal Doppler indices could be used be used in the early assessment of renal function in HIV sero-positive adults individuals.

Citation

Sidi, M., Ugwu, A. C., England, A., Manafa, P. O., Dambatta, A. H., Zira, J. D., …Mansur, U. (2021). Renal doppler indices and their correlation with laboratory indices of human immunodeficiency virus sero-positive adult individuals. Radiography, 27(4), 1014-1020. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2021.03.007

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 22, 2021
Online Publication Date Apr 16, 2021
Publication Date 2021-11
Journal Radiography
Print ISSN 1078-8174
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 27
Issue 4
Pages 1014-1020
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radi.2021.03.007
Keywords Renal Doppler; Indices; HIV/AIDS
Publisher URL https://www.radiographyonline.com/article/S1078-8174(21)00031-6/fulltext#articleInformation

Files




Downloadable Citations