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Insights into the magma plumbing system of La Fossa di Vulcano (Aeolian Islands, Italy) using oxygen isotopes and clinopyroxene crystal structure

Wiltshire, R; Halama, R; Boyce, A; Petrone, C; Nazzareni, S; Gertisser, R; Tranne, C; Sulpizio, R; Lucchi, F

Insights into the magma plumbing system of La Fossa di Vulcano (Aeolian Islands, Italy) using oxygen isotopes and clinopyroxene crystal structure Thumbnail


Authors

R Wiltshire

A Boyce

C Petrone

S Nazzareni

C Tranne

R Sulpizio

F Lucchi



Abstract

<jats:p> &amp;lt;p&amp;gt;The presently active La Fossa cone, Vulcano, widely considered the most hazardous volcano in the Aeolian Islands, is characterised by alternating periods of Vulcanian to subplinian explosive events and lava flow effusion. It has formed over 5.5 kyr, last erupting in 1888-90 [1], and presently behaves in a quiescent, fumarolic stage. The volcanic deposits from the cone comprise 7 major formations: Punte Nere, Grotta dei Palizzi 1, 2, and 3, Caruggi, Pietre Cotte and Gran Cratere. Many of these commence with dilute pyroclastic density current (PDC) deposits and tephra fallout capped by lava flows, with a compositional range from shoshonite to rhyolite (52-74 wt.% SiO&amp;lt;sub&amp;gt;2&amp;lt;/sub&amp;gt;) [1]. Crustal xenoliths in some of the lava flows and PDC deposits signify the importance of crustal contamination in the La Fossa magmatic system [1]. Here, we present new oxygen isotope data of mineral (clinopyroxene, plagioclase) and glass separates and combine these with petrological and textural analyses as well as clinopyroxene crystal chemistry and thermobarometry to constrain the extent of crustal contamination and to determine if and where crustal contamination took place in the magmatic system of La Fossa.&amp;lt;/p&amp;gt;&amp;lt;p&amp;gt;Oxygen isotope data are presented for pumice, scoriae, breadcrust bombs, lavas and mafic magmatic enclaves of all formations of La Fossa. &amp;amp;#948;&amp;lt;sup&amp;gt;18&amp;lt;/sup&amp;gt;O values range from +6.0&amp;amp;#8240; to +6.7&amp;amp;#8240; (SMOW) for clinopyroxene (n=19), from +7.0&amp;amp;#8240; to +8.1&amp;amp;#8240; for feldspar (n=15) and from +8.3 &amp;amp;#8240; to +8.7 &amp;amp;#8240; for obsidian glass (n=2). Estimated &amp;amp;#948;&amp;lt;sup&amp;gt;18&amp;lt;/sup&amp;gt;O&amp;lt;sub&amp;gt;melt&amp;lt;/sub&amp;gt; values are higher than that of mantle-derived magmas, indicating that crustal contamination is ubiquitous in the La Fossa magma plumbing system. &amp;amp;#948;&amp;lt;sup&amp;gt;18&amp;lt;/sup&amp;gt;O&amp;lt;sub&amp;gt;fsp&amp;lt;/sub&amp;gt; increases with the degree of magmatic differentiation, indicating feldspar is more contaminated in the more evolved products of La Fossa. However, no systematic variation is observed between &amp;amp;#948;&amp;lt;sup&amp;gt;18&amp;lt;/sup&amp;gt;O&amp;lt;sub&amp;gt;px&amp;lt;/sub&amp;gt; and whole-rock SiO&amp;lt;sub&amp;gt;2&amp;lt;/sub&amp;gt;, indicating disequilibrium between clinopyroxene and plagioclase. The disequilibrium observed at La Fossa suggests that clinopyroxene is mostly xenocrystic in the more evolved samples. This is supported by clinopyroxene equilibrium tests. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction to determine clinopyroxene crystal structures is presented to constrain crystallisation pressures. Crystallisation pressure of magmas feeding explosive eruptions to between approximately 2 and 6 kbar, while magmas feeding effusive eruptions appear to have crystallised at a narrower pressure range. Our results indicate that crustal contamination is an important process at La Fossa that accompanies fractional crystallisation and magma mixing/mingling processes throughout the entire (deep to shallow) crustal magma plumbing system.&amp;lt;/p&amp;gt;&amp;lt;p&amp;gt;References:&amp;lt;/p&amp;gt;&amp;lt;p&amp;gt;[1] De Astis et al. 2013. Geol. Soc. London Memoirs. 37. 281-349.&amp;lt;/p&amp;gt; </jats:p>

Acceptance Date Mar 1, 2020
Publication Date May 8, 2020
Journal EGU General Assembly 2020
DOI https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-13433
Publisher URL https://meetingorganizer.copernicus.org/EGU2020/EGU2020-13433.html

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