Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

Outcomes and regional differences in practice in a worldwide coronary stent registry

Mamas

Outcomes and regional differences in practice in a worldwide coronary stent registry Thumbnail


Authors



Abstract

Objective: The primary objective was to assess the performance of a new generation thin-strut sirolimus-eluting coronary stent with abluminal biodegradable polymer in an all comer population. The secondary objective was to detail differences in contemporary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) practice worldwide.

Methods: e-Ultimaster was an all-comer, prospective, global registry (NCT02188355) with independent event adjudication enrolling patients undergoing PCI with the study stent. The primary outcome measure was target lesion failure (TLF) at 1 year, defined as the composite of cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction and clinically driven target lesion revascularisation. Data were stratified according to 4 geographical regions.

Results: A total of 37 198 patients were enrolled (Europe 69.2%, Asia 17.8%, Africa/Middle East 6.6% and South America/Mexico 6.5%) and 1-year follow-up was available for 35 389 patients (95.1%). One-year TLF occurred in 3.2% of the patients, ranging from 2% (Africa/Middle East) to 4.1% (South America/Mexico). In patients with acute coronary syndrome, potent P2Y(12) inhibitors were prescribed in 48% of patients at discharge, while at 1 year 72% were on any dual antiplatelet therapy. Lipid-lowering treatment was administered in 80.9% and 75.5% of patients at discharge and 1 year, respectively. Regional differences in the profile of the treated patients as well as in PCI practice were reported.

Conclusions: In this investigation with worldwide representation, contemporary PCI using a new generation thin-strut sirolimus-eluting coronary stent with abluminal biodegradable polymer was associated with low 1-year TLF across clinical presentations and continents. Suboptimal adherence to current recommendations around antiplatelet and lipid lowering treatments was detected.

Acceptance Date Nov 8, 2021
Publication Date Jan 10, 2022
Journal Heart
Print ISSN 1355-6037
Publisher BMJ Publishing Group
DOI https://doi.org/10.1136/heartjnl-2021-320116
Keywords coronary artery disease; percutaneous coronary intervention
Publisher URL https://heart.bmj.com/content/early/2022/01/09/heartjnl-2021-320116