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Modelling Feedback Effects on the Production of Short Time Intervals

Modelling Feedback Effects on the Production of Short Time Intervals Thumbnail


<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title> <jats:p>People produced time intervals of 500 to 1250?ms, with accurate feedback in ms provided after each production. The mean times produced tracked the target times closely, and the coefficient of variation (standard deviation/mean) declined with increasing target time. The mean absolute change from one trial to another, and its standard deviation, measures of trial-by-trial change, also increased with target time. A model of feedback was fitted to all four measures. It assumed that the time produced resulted from a combination of a scalar timing process and a non-timing process. Although the non-timing process was on average invariant with target time, the timing process was assumed to be sensitive to feedback, in two different ways. If the previous production was close to the target the model repeated it (a repeat process), but if it was further away the next production was adjusted by an amount related to the discrepancy between the previous production and the target (an adjust process). The balance between the two was governed by a threshold, which was on average constant, and it was further assumed that the relative variability of the repeat process was lower than that of the adjust process. The model produced output which fitted three of the four measures well (average deviation of 3 or 4%) but fitted the standard deviation of change less well. Reducing the magnitude of the non-timing process produced output which conformed approximately to scalar timing, and the model could also mimic data resulting from the provision of inaccurate feedback.</jats:p>

Acceptance Date May 11, 2021
Publication Date May 31, 2021
Journal Timing & Time Perception
Print ISSN 2213-445X
Publisher Brill Academic Publishers
Pages 56 - 74
Publisher URL


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