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IGFBP7 as a preoperative predictor of congestive acute kidney injury after cardiac surgery.

Mamas

IGFBP7 as a preoperative predictor of congestive acute kidney injury after cardiac surgery. Thumbnail


Authors



Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Congestive acute kidney injury (c-AKI) refers to AKI in the presence of right ventricular failure (RVF) and is a highly morbid complication of cardiac surgery. However, treatment has traditionally been reactive rather than proactive due to limited modalities to predict this complication. The objective of this study was to investigate the ability of insulin-like growth-factor binding protein 7 (IGFBP7), to predict c-AKI, AKI and RVF in patients undergoing cardiac surgery, as compared to N-terminal prohormone B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) and pulmonary artery pulsatility index (PAPi). METHODS: This prospective nested case-control study consisted of 350 adult patients who underwent elective cardiac surgery. The outcomes were c-AKI, AKI and RVF. Unadjusted and adjusted conditional logistic regression models and areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) were used to assess the predictive performance of each marker. RESULTS: For the prediction of c-AKI, the unadjusted IGPBP7 model had an AUC of 0.81, as compared with 0.51 for NT-pro-BNP and 0.61 for PAPi. The adjusted c-AKI models had AUCs of 0.90 for IGFBP7, 0.87 for NT-pro-BNP and 0.77 for PAPi. For AKI and RVF, the predictive performance of IGFBP7 was moderate and exceeded that of NT-pro-BNP and PAPi in univariable analysis. IGFBP7 remained a robust independent predictor of all outcomes in multivariable analysis, whereas the other markers did not. CONCLUSIONS: IGFBP7 is a promising biomarker for prediction of AKI, RVF and c-AKI and could have value for preoperative optimisation and risk stratification of patients undergoing cardiac surgery.

Citation

Mamas. (2022). IGFBP7 as a preoperative predictor of congestive acute kidney injury after cardiac surgery. Open Heart, https://doi.org/10.1136/openhrt-2022-002027

Acceptance Date Jun 2, 2022
Publication Date Jun 22, 2022
Journal Open Heart
Publisher BMJ Publishing Group
DOI https://doi.org/10.1136/openhrt-2022-002027
Publisher URL https://openheart.bmj.com/content/9/1/e002027