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Clinical Outcomes of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for Bifurcation Lesions According to Medina Classification.


Clinical Outcomes of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for Bifurcation Lesions According to Medina Classification. Thumbnail



Background Coronary bifurcation lesions (CBLs) are frequently encountered in clinical practice and are associated with worse outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention. However, there are limited data around the prognostic impact of different CBL distributions. Methods and Results All CBL percutaneous coronary intervention procedures from the prospective e-Ultimaster (Prospective, Single-Arm, Multi Centre Observations Ultimaster Des Registry) multicenter international registry were analyzed according to CBL distribution as defined by the Medina classification. Cox proportional hazards models were used to compare the hazard ratio (HR) of the primary outcome, 1-year target lesion failure (composite of cardiac death, target vessel-related myocardial infarction, and clinically driven target lesion revascularization), and its individual components between Medina subtypes using Medina 1.0.0 as the reference category. A total of 4003 CBL procedures were included. The most prevalent Medina subtypes were 1.1.1 (35.5%) and 1.1.0 (26.8%), whereas the least prevalent was 0.0.1 (3.5%). Overall, there were no significant differences in patient and procedural characteristics among Medina subtypes. Only Medina 1.1.1 and 0.0.1 subtypes were associated with increased target lesion failure (HR, 2.6 [95% CI, 1.3-5.5] and HR, 4.0 [95% CI, 1.6-9.0], respectively) at 1?year, compared with Medina 1.0.0, prompted by clinically driven target lesion revascularization (HR, 3.1 [95% CI, 1.1-8.6] and HR, 4.6 [95% CI, 1.3-16.0], respectively) as well as cardiac death in Medina 0.0.1 (HR, 4.7 [95% CI, 1.0-21.6]). No differences in secondary outcomes were observed between Medina subtypes. Conclusions In a large multicenter registry analysis of coronary bifurcation percutaneous coronary intervention procedures, we demonstrate prognostic differences in 1-year outcomes between different CBL distributions, with Medina 1.1.1 and 0.0.1 subtypes associated with an increased risk of target lesion failure.

Acceptance Date Jul 15, 2022
Publication Date Aug 24, 2022
Journal Journal of the American Heart Association
Print ISSN 2047-9980
Publisher Wiley Open Access
Pages e025459 - ?
Publisher URL