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The Rare Sprengel Deformity: Our Experience with Three Cases

Bindoudi, A; Kariki, EP; Vasiliadis, K; Tsitouridis, I

The Rare Sprengel Deformity: Our Experience with Three Cases Thumbnail


A Bindoudi

EP Kariki

K Vasiliadis

I Tsitouridis


<jats:p>Sprengel shoulder is a rare congenital deformity of one or both scapulae that is usually detected at birth. It occurs due to failure of the scapula to descend during intrauterine development and its cause is still unknown. Although the deformity appears randomly most of the time, familial cases have been reported. Sprengel shoulder is often associated with Klippel–Feil syndrome and other congenital skeletal deformities. Anteroposterior X-ray imaging can accurately diagnose Sprengel deformity. However, computed tomography and magnetic resonance scans with three-dimensional reconstruction are nowadays used in everyday practice in order to diagnose concomitant abnormalities, study in detail the anatomy of the affected shoulder(s), and plan appropriate management. We present here our imaging experience from three pediatric cases with Sprengel shoulder and take the opportunity to discuss this rare entity, which is, nevertheless, the commonest congenital defect of the scapula.</jats:p>

Acceptance Date Sep 5, 2014
Publication Date Oct 27, 2014
Journal Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
Print ISSN 2156-7514
Publisher Medknow Publications
Pages 55 - 55
Publisher URL


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