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Radiologic and pathologic features of a primary chloroma of the testis: a case report and brief review of the literature.

Tsitouridis, I; Maskalidis, Ch; Pervana, St; Kariki, E

Radiologic and pathologic features of a primary chloroma of the testis: a case report and brief review of the literature. Thumbnail


Authors

I Tsitouridis

Ch Maskalidis

St Pervana

E Kariki



Abstract

Aim: To describe a case of primary granulocytic sarcoma. Case description: A 43-year-old man presented with a painless testicular swelling. There was no previous history of malignancy or hematologic disease. Ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging examination showed an intratesticular mass extending to the surrounding scrotal tissues including the epididymis. Inguinal radical orchiectomy was followed by a macroscopic and microscopic evaluation of the tumor. Immunohistochemistry demonstrated the strong positivity of the neoplastic cells for leucocyte common antigen (LCA), myeloperoxidase, CD-34 and CD-117. All imaging and laboratory tests for metastatic or hematologic disease, including a bone marrow biopsy, were negative, leading to the diagnosis of a primary granulocytic sarcoma of the testis. Conclusion: Although chloromas usually manifest in patients with a hematologic malignancy, isolated cases may occur. The low specificity of imaging and, occasionally, microscopic examination is challenging for the right diagnosis. The role of immunohistochemistry in conjunction with the clinical, imaging and laboratory findings is crucial to reach the correct diagnosis.

Acceptance Date Oct 1, 2014
Publication Date Oct 1, 2014
Journal Hippokratia
Print ISSN 1790-8019
Pages 366 - 369
Publisher URL https://www.hippokratia.gr/2019/03/04/radiologic-and-pathologic-features-of-a-primary-chloroma-of-the-testis-a-case-report-and-brief-review-of-the-literature/

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