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Thrombolysis in acute ischaemic stroke patients with chronic kidney disease.




OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine whether chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with adverse in-hospital outcomes after acute ischaemic stroke (AIS) and whether this association is dependent on thrombolysis administration. METHODS: 885,537 records representative of 4,283,086 AIS admissions were extracted from the US National Inpatient Sample (2005-2015) and categorized into 3 mutually exclusive groups: no CKD, CKD without end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and ESRD. Outcomes (mortality, prolonged hospitalisation >4 days and disability on discharge-derived using discharge destination as a proxy) were compared between groups using multivariable logistic regressions. Separate models containing interaction terms with thrombolysis were also computed. RESULTS: The median age (interquartile range) of the cohort was 73 (61-83) years and 47.32% were men. Compared with the no CKD group, both CKD/no ESRD group (odds ratio (99% confidence interval) = 1.04 (1.0003-1.09), p = 0.009) and the ESRD groups (2.06 (1.90-2.25), p < 0.001) had significantly increased odds of in-hospital mortality. Patients with CKD/No ESRD (1.03 (1.02-1.06), p < 0.001) and ESRD (1.44 (1.37-1.51), p < 0.001) were at higher odds of prolonged hospitalisation. Patients with CKD/No ESRD (1.13 (1.10-1.15), p < 0.001) and ESRD (1.34 (1.26-1.41), p < 0.001) were also at higher odds of moderate-to-severe disability on discharge. Interaction terms between thrombolysis and the CKD/ESRD groups were not statistically significant (p > 0.01) for any outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Renal dysfunction was independently associated with worse in-hospital outcomes in the acute phase of AIS. These associations were not influenced by the use of thrombolysis as an emergency treatment for AIS. CKD/ESRD should not represent sole contraindications to thrombolysis for AIS.

Acceptance Date Jul 18, 2021
Publication Date Jul 30, 2021
Journal Acta Neurologica Scandinavia
Pages 669 - 679
Keywords chronic kidney disease in-hospital mortality ischaemic stroke thrombolysis
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