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Operator Volumes and In-Hospital Outcomes: An Analysis of 7,740 Rotational Atherectomy Procedures From the BCIS National Database.

Mamas

Operator Volumes and In-Hospital Outcomes: An Analysis of 7,740 Rotational Atherectomy Procedures From the BCIS National Database. Thumbnail


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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to use a national percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) registry to study temporal changes in procedure volumes of PCI using rotational atherectomy (ROTA-PCI), the patient and procedural factors associated with differing quartiles of operator ROTA-PCI volume, and the relationship between operator ROTA-PCI volumes and in-hospital patient outcomes. BACKGROUND: Whether higher operator volume is associated with improved outcomes after ROTA-PCI is poorly defined. METHODS: Data from the British Cardiovascular Intervention Society national PCI database were analyzed for all ROTA-PCI procedures performed in the United Kingdom between 2013 and 2016. Individual logistic regressions were performed to quantify the independent association between annual operator ROTA-PCI volume and in-hospital outcomes. RESULTS: In total, 7,740 ROTA-PCI procedures were performed, with a negatively skewed distribution and an annualized operator volume median of 2.5 procedures/year (range 0.25 to 55.25). Higher volume operators undertook more complex procedures in patients with greater comorbid burdens than lower volume operators. A significant inverse association was observed between operator ROTA-PCI volume and in-hospital mortality (odds ratio [OR]: 0.986/case; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.975 to 0.996; p = 0.007) and major adverse cardiac and cerebral events (OR: 0.983/case; 95% CI: 0.975 to 0.993; p < 0.001). Additionally, lower rates of emergency cardiac surgery (OR: 0.964/case; 95% CI: 0.939 to 0.991; p = 0.008), arterial complications (OR: 0.975/case; 95% CI: 0.975 to 0.982; p < 0.001) and in-hospital major bleeding (OR: 0.985/case; 95% CI: 0.977 to 0.993; p < 0.001) were associated with higher ROTA-PCI operator volume. Sensitivity analyses in several subgroups demonstrated a consistency of improved outcomes as annual ROTA-PCI volume increased. An annual volume of <4 ROTA-PCI procedures/year was observed to be associated with increased major adverse cardiac and cerebral events, with 239 of 432 operators (55%) not exceeding this threshold. CONCLUSIONS: In-hospital adverse outcomes occurred less frequently as ROTA-PCI operator volume increased. These data suggest that operator volume is an important factor determining outcome after ROTA-PCI.

Citation

Mamas. (2021). Operator Volumes and In-Hospital Outcomes: An Analysis of 7,740 Rotational Atherectomy Procedures From the BCIS National Database. JACC. Cardiovascular interventions, 1423 - 1430. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcin.2021.04.034

Acceptance Date Apr 20, 2021
Publication Date Jul 12, 2021
Journal JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions
Print ISSN 1876-7605
Pages 1423 - 1430
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcin.2021.04.034
Publisher URL https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1936879821007883?via%3Dihub

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