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Granulosa Cell Conditioned Medium Enhances The Rate of Mouse Oocyte In Vitro Maturation and Embryo Formation.

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Granulosa Cell Conditioned Medium Enhances The Rate of Mouse Oocyte In Vitro Maturation and Embryo Formation. Thumbnail


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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: In vitro maturation (IVM) and cryopreservation of oocytes are two important parts of assisted reproductive technology (ART), but their efficacy is low. This study aimed to improve the quality of in vitro vitrified-warmed maturated oocytes using granulosa cell conditioned medium (GCCM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the experimental study, fresh/non-vitrified and vitrified-warmed mouse germinal vesicle (GV) oocytes (as F and V) were In vitro maturated using basal medium (BM) and also BM supplemented with 50% GCCM as treated groups (GM), and categorized as FBM, FGM, VBM and VGM groups, respectively. The rate of successful IVM (MII oocyte formation), mitochondrial membrane potential and the viability of MII oocytes were determined using inverted microscopy, JC-1 and trypan blue staining. Then, the rate of In vitro fertilization (IVF) and subsequent two-cell embryo formation was calculated. Finally, the expression levels of Oct4, Sox2, Cdk-2, Gdf9, Integrin beta1 and Igf2 were analyzed using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in MII oocytes and two-cell embryos. RESULTS: These analyses showed that GCCM significantly increased the IVM rate, oocyte meiotic resumption and mitochondrial membrane potential (P<0.05). In addition, the rate of IVF and two-cell embryo formation was significantly higher in FGM and VGM compared to FBM and VBM (P<0.05). Interestingly, GCCM significantly affected the expression of the studied genes. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that GCCM might be useful for improving the efficiency of IVM and the subsequent IVF outcomes.

Acceptance Date Oct 1, 2022
Publication Date Oct 1, 2022
Journal Cell Journal (Yakhteh)
Print ISSN 2228-5806
Pages 620 - 627
DOI https://doi.org/10.22074/cellj.2022.8155
Keywords Conditioned Medium
In Vitro Fertilization
In vitro Maturation
Vitrification
Publisher URL https://www.celljournal.org/article_253352.html#:~:text=Results%3A%20These%20analyses%20showed%20that%20GCCM%20significantly%20increased,VBM%20%28P%3C0.05%29.%20Interestingly%2C%20GCCM%20significantly%20affected%20the%20expression

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