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Association of Bone Shape and Alignment Analyzed Using Statistical Shape Modeling With Severity of First Metatarsophalangeal Joint Osteoarthritis

Buldt, Andrew K; Gregory, Jenny S; Munteanu, Shannon E; Allan, Jamie J; Tan, Jade M; Auhl, Maria; Landorf, Karl B; Roddy, Edward; Marshall, Michelle; Menz, Hylton B


Andrew K Buldt

Jenny S Gregory

Shannon E Munteanu

Jamie J Allan

Jade M Tan

Maria Auhl

Karl B Landorf

Hylton B Menz


We aimed to explore the relationship between bone shape and radiographic severity in individuals with first metatarsophalangeal joint osteoarthritis (first MTP joint OA).

Weightbearing lateral and dorsoplantar radiographs were obtained for the symptomatic foot of 185 participants (105 females, aged 22 to 85 years) with clinically diagnosed first MTP joint OA. Participants were classified into none/mild, moderate, or severe categories using a standardized atlas. An 80-point model for lateral radiographs and 77-point model for dorsoplantar radiographs was used to define independent modes of variation using statistical shape modeling software. Odds ratios adjusted for confounders were calculated using ordinal regression to determine the association between radiographic severity and mode scores.

After assessment and grading of radiographs, 35 participants (18.9%) were included in the none/mild first MTP joint OA severity category, 69 (37.2%) in the moderate severity category, and 81 (43.7%) in the severe category. For lateral-view radiographs, 16 modes of variation were included, which collectively represented 83.2% of total shape variance. Of these, four modes were associated with radiographic severity. For dorsoplantar-view radiographs, 15 modes of variation were included, representing 82.6% of total shape variance. Of these, six modes were associated with radiographic severity.

Variations in the shape and alignment of the medial cuneiform, first metatarsal, and proximal and distal phalanx of the hallux are significantly associated with radiographic severity of first MTP joint OA. Prospective studies are required to determine whether bone shape characteristics are associated with the development and/or progression of this condition.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 11, 2023
Online Publication Date Sep 20, 2023
Publication Date Dec 17, 2023
Deposit Date Oct 9, 2023
Publicly Available Date Sep 21, 2024
Journal Arthritis Care & Research
Print ISSN 2151-464X
Electronic ISSN 2151-4658
Publisher Wiley
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Keywords Rheumatology