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HD 54272, a classical lambda Bootis star and gamma Doradus pulsator


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We detect the second known ? Bootis star (HD 54272) which exhibits ? Doradus-type pulsations. The star was formerly misidentified as a RR Lyrae variable. The ? Bootis stars are a small group (only 2?per?cent) of late B to early F-type, Population I stars which show moderate to extreme (up to a factor 100) surface underabundances of most Fe-peak elements and solar abundances of lighter elements (C, N, O, and S). The photometric data from the Wide Angle Search for Planets (WASP) and All Sky Automated Survey (ASAS) projects were analysed. They have an overlapping time base of 1566?d and 2545?d, respectively. Six statistically significant peaks were identified (f1 = 1.410?116?d-1, f2 = 1.283?986?d-1, f3 = 1.293?210?d-1, f4 = 1.536?662?d-1, f5 = 1.157?22?d-1 and f6 = 0.226?57?d-1). The spacing between f1 and f2, f1 and f4, f5 and f2 is almost identical. Since the daily aliasing is very strong, the interpretation of frequency spectra is somewhat ambiguous. From spectroscopic data, we deduce a high rotational velocity (250 ± 25?km?s-1) and a metal deficiency of about -0.8 to -1.1?dex compared to the Sun. A comparison with the similar star, HR 8799, results in analogous pulsational characteristics but widely different astrophysical parameters. Since both are ? Bootis-type stars, the main mechanism of this phenomenon, selective accretion, may severely influence ? Doradus-type pulsations.

Acceptance Date Feb 28, 2014
Publication Date May 11, 2014
Journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Print ISSN 0035-8711
Publisher Oxford University Press
Pages 1020 -1026
Keywords techniques, photometric, stars, chemically peculiar, individual, HD 54272, variables, Scuti, RR Lyrae
Publisher URL


B Smalley - HD 54272 a classical Bootis star and Doradus pulsator.pdf (1.6 Mb)

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