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Kant’s Religion as a Response to the Pantheism Controversy: Between Mendelssohn and Jacobi




This paper places Kant's Religion within the Bounds of Bare Reason within the historical context of the pantheism controversy between Mendelssohn and Jacobi. I argue that reading Religion with this context in mind shines new light upon passages connected with the need for a moral archetype and prototype in the form of Christ, as well as various comments upon the relation between Christianity and Judaism. Within this new viewpoint, we can also see Religion as ultimately concerned as promoting a Christianity, broadly understood, as the most appropriate historical vehicle for the promulgation of rational religion, and thus as a cornerstone of the Enlightenment project.

Acceptance Date Jul 3, 2020
Publication Date Mar 1, 2021
Journal International Philosophical Quarterly
Print ISSN 0019-0365
Publisher Philosophy Documentation Center
Pages 101-119
Keywords Kant, Mendelssohn, Jacobi, Christianity, Judaism, Christ, Pantheism
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