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International Fascism and the Allure of the ‘Third Way’ in Interwar Greece


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The rise and victory of Italian Fascism in the first half of the 1920s passed Greece by. Yet soon afterwards the international experience of 'fascism' found more receptive audiences within the prodigious dissident 'third spaces' where more and more mainstream Greek political actors chose to operate in the interwar period. This article explores the dynamics of the ideological and political formation of 'third ways' in interwar Greece, paying attention to the interplay between international stimuli and local contextual singularities. In these thirding spaces 'fascism' was understood and operationalised in very different, subjective, and ever-shifting ways by each of these actors. It was regarded mostly as a potential component of diverse thirding processes/solutions and rarely as the desired outcome thereof. This explains why fascism came to inform a range of very different thirding projects in interwar Greece-from pursuing rupture and renewal to aspiring to status quo-affirmation; from liberal to conservative to authoritarian visions; from searching for a short-term 'remedy' to envisioning a long-term radical transformation.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Sep 9, 2022
Publication Date Nov 16, 2022
Journal Fascism
Print ISSN 2211-6249
Electronic ISSN 2211-6257
Publisher Brill Academic Publishers
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 11
Issue 2
Pages 187 - 210
Keywords Greece; fascism; interwar period; third way; dictatorship; parliamentarism
Publisher URL


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