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TOI-969: a late-K dwarf with a hot mini-Neptune in the desert and an eccentric cold Jupiter

Hellier

TOI-969: a late-K dwarf with a hot mini-Neptune in the desert and an eccentric cold Jupiter Thumbnail


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Abstract

Context. The current architecture of a given multi-planetary system is a key fingerprint of its past formation and dynamical evolution history. Long-term follow-up observations are key to complete their picture. Aims. In this paper, we focus on the confirmation and characterization of the components of the TOI-969 planetary system, where TESS detected a Neptune-size planet candidate in a very close-in orbit around a late K-dwarf star. Methods. We use a set of precise radial velocity observations from HARPS, PFS, and CORALIE instruments covering more than two years in combination with the TESS photometric light curve and other ground-based follow-up observations to confirm and characterize the components of this planetary system. Results. We find that TOI-969 b is a transiting close-in (Pb ~ 1.82 days) mini-Neptune planet (mb = 9.1-1.0+1.1 M?, Rb = 2.765-0.097+0.088 R?), placing it on the lower boundary of the hot-Neptune desert (Teq,b = 941 ± 31 K). The analysis of its internal structure shows that TOI-969 b is a volatile-rich planet, suggesting it underwent an inward migration. The radial velocity model also favors the presence of a second massive body in the system, TOI-969 c, with a long period of Pc = 1700-280+290 days, a minimum mass of mc sin ic = 11.3-0.9+1.1 MJup, and a highly eccentric orbit of ec = 0.628-0.036+0.043. Conclusions. The TOI-969 planetary system is one of the few around K-dwarfs known to have this extended configuration going from a very close-in planet to a wide-separation gaseous giant. TOI-969 b has a transmission spectroscopy metric of 93 and orbits a moderately bright (G = 11.3 mag) star, making it an excellent target for atmospheric studies. The architecture of this planetary system can also provide valuable information about migration and formation of planetary systems.

Citation

Hellier. (2023). TOI-969: a late-K dwarf with a hot mini-Neptune in the desert and an eccentric cold Jupiter. Astronomy & Astrophysics, https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/202243879

Acceptance Date Oct 14, 2022
Publication Date Jan 24, 2023
Journal Astronomy and Astrophysics: a European journal
Print ISSN 0004-6361
Publisher EDP Sciences
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/202243879
Publisher URL https://www.aanda.org/articles/aa/full_html/2023/01/aa43879-22/aa43879-22.html

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