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Survival analysis in nonagenarian patients with non-hip lower limb fractures.

Narayana Murthy, Sanjay; Cheruvu, Manikandar Srinivas; Siddiqui, Raheel Shakoor; Sharma, Nikhil; Dass, Debashis; Ali, Ashique

Authors

Sanjay Narayana Murthy

Manikandar Srinivas Cheruvu

Raheel Shakoor Siddiqui

Nikhil Sharma

Debashis Dass

Ashique Ali



Contributors

Siddaling Hugar
Data Curator

Abstract

The United Kingdom has an aging population with nearly 1 in 5 being over the age of 65, and over 0.5 million over the age of 90. The treatment of acute fractures of the lower limb in the nonagenarian cohort of patients poses a technical challenge to orthopaedic surgeons. To report the fracture incidence, survival outcomes of treating acute non-hip lower limb fractures in nonagenarians in Major Trauma Centre. Thirty Lower limb long bone fractures in patients of age from 90 to 99 years were identified during 12-mo at a Level 1 trauma centre from a computerized database. A retrospective evaluation performed for fracture incidence, treatment, length of hospital duration and mortality at 30-d, 1-year and 2-year. Thirty fractures (28 patients) were identified, twenty-four fractures were treated with surgery (mean age 93 years SD ± 2.59) and 6 managed conservatively (mean age 94 years SD ± 2.07). The mean length of the hospital stay was 18.2 d for both groups. The 30-d, 1-year and 2-year mortality risks were 1/23, 6/23 and 9/23 (4%, 26% and 39%) in the surgery group and 0/5, 1/5 and 2/5 (0%, 20% and 40%) in the conservative group, with no evidence for a difference between the two groups at any time point. Nonagenarians in the surgical group had similar length of hospital stay and mortality risks as those treated conservatively. Patients with fewer comorbidities and admitted from their own home were offered surgery. [Abstract copyright: ©The Author(s) 2023. Published by Baishideng Publishing Group Inc. All rights reserved.]

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 27, 2023
Online Publication Date Aug 18, 2023
Deposit Date Oct 3, 2023
Journal World journal of orthopedics
Publisher Baishideng Publishing Group
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 14
Issue 8
Pages 621-629
DOI https://doi.org/10.5312/wjo.v14.i8.621
Keywords Conservative, Non-hip, Nonagenarian, Fragility, Orthogeriatrics, Survival