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KIC 10526294: a slowly rotating B star with rotationally split, quasi-equally spaced gravity modes

Pápics, P.I.; Moravveji, E.; Aerts, C.; Tkachenko, A.; Triana, S.A.; Bloemen, S.; Southworth, J.

KIC 10526294: a slowly rotating B star with rotationally split, quasi-equally spaced gravity modes Thumbnail


Authors

P.I. Pápics

E. Moravveji

C. Aerts

A. Tkachenko

S.A. Triana

S. Bloemen



Abstract

Context. Massive stars are important for the chemical enrichment of the universe. Since internal mixing processes influence their lives, it is very important to place constraints on the corresponding physical parameters, such as core overshooting and the internal rotation profile, so as to calibrate their stellar structure and evolution models. Although asteroseismology has been shown to be able to deliver the most precise constraints so far, the number of detailed seismic studies delivering quantitative results is limited.

Aims. Our goal is to extend this limited sample with an in-depth case study and provide a well-constrained set of asteroseismic parameters, contributing to the ongoing mapping efforts of the instability strips of the ß?Cep and slowly pulsating B (SPB) stars.

Methods. We derived fundamental parameters from high-resolution spectra using spectral synthesis techniques. We used custom masks to obtain optimal light curves from the original pixel level data from the Kepler satellite. We used standard time-series analysis tools to construct a set of significant pulsation modes that provide the basis for the seismic analysis carried out afterwards.

Results. We find that KIC?10526294 is a cool SPB star, one of the slowest rotators ever found. Despite this, the length of Kepler observations is sufficient to resolve narrow rotationally split multiplets for each of its nineteen quasi-equally spaced dipole modes. The number of detected consecutive (in radial order) dipole modes in this series is higher than ever before. The observed amount of splitting shows an increasing trend towards longer periods, which – largely independent of the seismically calibrated stellar models – points towards a non-rigid internal rotation profile. From the average splitting we deduce a rotation period of ~188 days. From seismic modelling, we find that the star is young with a central hydrogen mass fraction Xc> 0.64; it has a core overshooting aov = 0.15.

Citation

Pápics, P., Moravveji, E., Aerts, C., Tkachenko, A., Triana, S., Bloemen, S., & Southworth, J. (2014). KIC 10526294: a slowly rotating B star with rotationally split, quasi-equally spaced gravity modes. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 570, Article A8. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201424094

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 1, 2014
Online Publication Date Oct 6, 2014
Publication Date 2014-10
Publicly Available Date May 26, 2023
Journal Astronomy & Astrophysics
Print ISSN 0004-6361
Publisher EDP Sciences
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 570
Article Number A8
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201424094
Keywords asteroseismology, stars: variables: general, stars: early-type, stars: fundamental parameters, stars: oscillations, stars: rotation
Publisher URL https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201424094

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