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Friends of the Earth International: Agonistic Politics, Modus vivendi and Political Change

Doherty, Brian; Doyle, Timothy

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Authors

Timothy Doyle



Abstract

Following criticism from some of its national member organisations that it marginalised Southern agendas, Friends of the Earth International engaged in heated debates in the 2000s which aimed to address its internal political differences. FoEI defined its positions on democracy, capitalism and social transformation, reorienting itself more towards the global South. The centrality to this process of debate about broad political ideas is unusual; well established and mature organizations do not usually change identities fundamentally. In practice, FoEI did not resolve its differences, but came to a political settlement which made those differences manageable. To interpret the changes in FoEI, the concept of agonistic politics developed by Chantal Mouffe and the idea of a modus vivendi associated with so called realist (liberal) critics of ‘moralistic liberalism’ are employed. A full account of the process nevertheless requires acknowledgement of the positive effect of solidarity as enabling changes in collective identity.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Apr 5, 2018
Publication Date Apr 16, 2018
Journal Environmental Politics
Print ISSN 0964-4016
Publisher Routledge
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 27
Issue 6
Pages 1057-1078
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/09644016.2018.1462577
Keywords Friends of the Earth, NGO, identity, transnational environmentalism, North-South.
Publisher URL http://doi.org/10.1080/09644016.2018.1462577

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