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An isotopic method for testing the influence of leaf litter quality on carbon fluxes during decomposition

Abstract

During microbial breakdown of leaf litter a fraction of the C lost by the litter is not released to the atmosphere as CO2 but remains in the soil as microbial byproducts. The amount of this fraction and the factors influencing its size are not yet clearly known. We performed a laboratory experiment to quantify the flow of C from decaying litter into the soil, by means of stable C isotopes, and tested its dependence on litter chemical properties. Three sets of 13C-depleted leaf litter (Liquidambar styraciflua L., Cercis canadensis L. and Pinus taeda L.) were incubated in the laboratory in jars containing 13C-enriched soil (i.e. formed C4 vegetation). Four jars containing soil only were used as a control. Litter chemical properties were measured using thermogravimetry (Tg) and pyrolysis–gas chromatography/mass spectrometry–combustion interface–isotope ratio mass spectrometry (Py–GC/MS–C–IRMS). The respiration rates and the d13C of the respired CO2 were measured at regular intervals. After 8 months of incubation, soils incubated with both L. styraciflua and C. canadensis showed a significant change in d13C (d13Cfinal = -20.2 ± 0.4‰ and -19.5 ± 0.5‰, respectively) with respect to the initial value (d13Cinitial = -17.7 ± 0.3‰); the same did not hold for soil incubated with P. taeda (d13Cfinal:-18.1 ± 0.5‰). The percentages of litter-derived C in soil over the total C loss were not statistically different from one litter species to another. This suggests that there is no dependence of the percentage of C input into the soil (over the total C loss) on litter quality and that the fractional loss of leaf litter C is dependent only on the microbial assimilation efficiency. The percentage of litter-derived C in soil was estimated to be 13 ± 3% of total C loss.

Citation

(2007). An isotopic method for testing the influence of leaf litter quality on carbon fluxes during decomposition. Oecologia, 155 -166. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-007-0815-y

Acceptance Date Jul 5, 2007
Publication Date Jul 31, 2007
Journal Oecologia
Print ISSN 0029-8549
Publisher Springer Verlag
Pages 155 -166
DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-007-0815-y
Keywords Pyrolysis, gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, combustion interface, isotope ratio mass spectrometry, respiration rates, soil carbon input, stable carbon isotopes, thermogravimetry
Publisher URL https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00442-007-0815-y

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