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A study of characteristic energy losses from certain metals

Allen, Roger Michael

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Authors

Roger Michael Allen



Abstract

Tho characteristic energy loss spectra of five metals have
been measured under clean, ultra-high vacuum conditions. Primary electron beams with energies of several hundred oV wore used and the 'reflected' secondary electrons were analysed by 127° electro-static analysers.
The five metals studied were nickel, silver, tantalum, tungsten and platinum. High purity polycrystalline strips of each metal were thoroughly cleaned and mounted in a stainless steel vacuum chamber. Getter-ion and sorption pumps were used to produce UHV conditions, and tho targets were outgassed by resistive heating.
The beam of primary electrons was usually incident at 45° to the target norma1 and those electrons scattered through 90° were focussed into the analyser entrance aperture. Tho final 127° analyser had ? resolution of less than O.9%.
The characteristic energy losses observed in each spectrum have been correlated with the losses predicted by the theories of plasma oscillation, interband transition and subshell ionisation.
In addition to a number of new losses, the present work has found most of the losses reported by previous authors. Evidence of contamination was seen in some spectra, even with the target in a vacuum of below 10-8 torr. The residual gases in the vacuum were analysed by a quadruple mass filter. It is suggested that the disagreements between previous workers have been due to the presence of contaminating layers

Citation

Allen, R. M. (1969). A study of characteristic energy losses from certain metals

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