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Patella resurfacing during total knee arthroplasty is cost-effective and has lower re-operation rates compared to non-resurfacing.

Patella resurfacing during total knee arthroplasty is cost-effective and has lower re-operation rates compared to non-resurfacing. Thumbnail


Abstract

BACKGROUND: The decision to resurface the patella as part of total knee arthroplasty may be influenced by the surgeon's preference, education, training, tradition and geographic location. Advocates for non-resurfacing or selectively resurfacing may claim no difference in patient reported outcomes, and that resurfacing is associated with increased risks such as extensor mechanism injury or malalignment, problems with the design of the patella component and technical issues intraoperatively. AIMS: To critically examine factors that should be considered in addition to patient reported outcomes in the decision process of resurfacing or non-resurfacing of the patella in total knee arthroplasty. METHOD: A comprehensive literature search was conducted to identify factors that may influence decision making in addition to knee specific patient reported outcome measures such as surgical risks, patient quality of life, procedure cost, re-operation rate, implant design, surgeons learning curve and the fate of remaining cartilage in native patellae. RESULTS: Patient-reported outcomes are equivocal for resurfacing and non-resurfacing. Critical analysis of the available literature suggests that the complications of resurfacing the patella are historic, which is now lower with improved implant design and surgical technique. Routine resurfacing was cost-effective in the long term (potential saving £104 per case) and has lower rates of revision (absolute risk reduction 4%). Finally, surgical judgment in selective resurfacing was prone to errors. CONCLUSION: Patella resurfacing and non-resurfacing had similar patient-reported outcomes. However, patella resurfacing was cost-effective and was associated with a lower rate of re-operation compared to non-resurfacing.

Citation

(2021). Patella resurfacing during total knee arthroplasty is cost-effective and has lower re-operation rates compared to non-resurfacing. Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research, 185 - ?. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13018-021-02295-8

Acceptance Date Feb 10, 2021
Publication Date Mar 11, 2021
Journal Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Publisher Springer Verlag
Pages 185 - ?
DOI https://doi.org/10.1186/s13018-021-02295-8
Publisher URL https://josr-online.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13018-021-02295-8

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