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Eave and swarm collections prove effective for biased captures of male Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes in Uganda.

Eave and swarm collections prove effective for biased captures of male Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes in Uganda. Thumbnail


BACKGROUND: Traditional malaria vector sampling techniques bias collections towards female mosquitoes. Comprehensive understanding of vector dynamics requires balanced vector sampling of both males and females. Male mosquito sampling is also necessary for population size estimations by male-based mark-release-recapture (MRR) studies and for developing innovations in mosquito control, such as the male-targeted sterile insect technique and other genetic modification approaches. This study evaluated a range of collection methods which show promise in providing a more equal, or even male-biased, sex representation in the sample. RESULTS: Swarms were found at all study sites and were more abundant and larger at the peak of the wet season. Swarm sampling caught the most males, but when man/hour effort was factored in, sampling of eaves by aspiration was the more efficient method and also provided a representative sample of females. Grass-roofed houses were the most productive for eave collections. Overall few mosquitoes were caught with artificial resting traps (clay pots and buckets), although these sampling methods performed better at the start of the wet season than at its peak, possibly because of changes in mosquito ecology and an increased availability of natural resting sites later in the season. Aspiration of bushes was more productive at the peak of the wet season than at the start. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study demonstrate that eave aspiration was an efficient and useful male mosquito collection method at the study sites and a potentially powerful aid for swarm location and MRR studies. The methods evaluated may together deliver more sex-balanced mosquito captures and can be used in various combinations depending on the aims and ecological parameters of a given study.

Acceptance Date May 3, 2021
Publication Date May 26, 2021
Journal Parasites and Vectors
Print ISSN 1756-3305
Publisher BioMed Central
Pages 281 - ?
Keywords Aspiration, Eave, Malaria, Mosquito sampling, Resting traps, Swarm sampling, Vector ecology
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