Human ankle joint movements during walking are probably not determined by talar morphology.
Wolf, P; Moor, R; Lundberg, A; Nester, C; Arndt, A; Graf, E
Professor Christopher Nester email@example.com
Knowledge about the orientation of a representative ankle joint axis is limited to studies of tarsal morphology and of quasistatic movements. The aim of our study was therefore to determine the development of the axis orientation during walking. Intracortical bone pins were used to monitor the kinematics of the talus and tibia of five healthy volunteers. The finite helical axis was determined for moving windows of 10\% stance phase and its orientation reported if the rotation about the axis was more than 2°. A representative axis for ankle dorsi- and plantarflexion was also estimated based on tarsal morphology. As reported by literature, the morphology-based axis was inclined more medially upwards for dorsiflexion than for plantarflexion. However, when a mean of the finite helical axis orientations was calculated for each walking trial for dorsiflexion (stance phase 15-25\%) and for plantarflexion (stance phase 85-95\%), the inclination was less medially upwards in dorsiflexion than in plantarflexion in four out of five participants. Thus, it appears that the inclination of a representative ankle joint axis for dynamic loading situations cannot be estimated from either morphology or quasi-static experiments. Future studies assessing muscle activity, ligament behaviour and articulating surfaces may help to identify the determining factors for the orientation of arepresentative ankle joint axis.
|Journal Article Type||Article|
|Acceptance Date||Aug 3, 2022|
|Online Publication Date||Aug 16, 2022|
|Publication Date||Aug 16, 2022|
|Publisher||Nature Publishing Group|
|Keywords||Ankle, Ankle Joint, Biomechanical Phenomena, Humans, Talus, Walking|
Human ankle joint movements during walking are probably not determined by talar morphology.pdf
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