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MEASURING OSTEOARTHRITIS KNEE NOCICEPTION USING PHYSIOLOGICAL AND MOVEMENT RESPONSES AND A DEFINED THERMAL STIMULUS: A PROOF OF CONCEPT STUDY

Hamilton, R.; Holt, C.; Hamilton, D.; Garcia, A.A.; Graham, C.; Jones, R.; Shilabeer, D.; Kuiper, J.H.; Sparkes, V.; Khot, S.; Mason, D.

Authors

R. Hamilton

C. Holt

D. Hamilton

A.A. Garcia

C. Graham

R. Jones

D. Shilabeer

V. Sparkes

S. Khot

D. Mason



Abstract

Mechanical loading of joints with osteoarthritis (OA) results in pain-related functional impairment, altered joint mechanics and physiological nociceptor interactions leading to an experience of pain. However, the current tools to measure this are largely patient reported subjective impressions of a nociceptive impact. A direct measure of nociception may offer a more objective indicator. Specifically, movement-induced physiological responses to nociception may offer a useful way to monitor knee OA. In this study, we gathered preliminary data on healthy volunteers to analyse whether integrated biomechanical and physiological sensor datasets could display linked and quantifiable information to a nociceptive stimulus.Following ethical approval, 15 healthy volunteers completed 5 movement and stationary activities in 2 conditions; a control setting and then repeated with an applied quantified thermal pain stimulus to their right knee. An inertial measurement unit (IMU) and an electromyography (EMG) lower body marker set were tested and integrated with ground reaction force (GRF) data collection. Galvanic skin response electrodes for skin temperature and conductivity and photoplethysmography (PPG) sensors were manually timestamped to the integrated system.Pilot data showed EMG, GRF and IMU fluctuations within 0.5 seconds of each other in response to a thermal trigger. Preliminary analysis on the 15 participants tested has shown skin conductance, PPG, EMG, GRFs, joint angles and kinematics with varying increases and fluctuations during the thermal condition in comparison to the control condition.Preliminary results suggest physiological and biomechanical data outputs can be linked and identified in response to a defined nociceptive stimulus. Study data is currently founded on healthy volunteers as a proof-of-concept. Further exploratory statistical and sensor readout pattern analysis, alongside early and late-stage OA patient data collection, can provide the information for potential development of wearable nociceptive sensors to measure disease progression and treatment effectiveness.

Start Date Sep 7, 2022
Acceptance Date Apr 11, 2023
Online Publication Date Apr 11, 2023
Publication Date Apr 11, 2023
Deposit Date Aug 15, 2023
Publisher Bone & Joint
Volume 105-B
Pages 20-20
DOI https://doi.org/10.1302/1358-992x.2023.8.020