Skip to main content

Research Repository

Advanced Search

People from ethnic minorities seeking help for Long Covid: a qualitative study.

Smyth, Nina; Ridge, Damien; Kingstone, Tom; Gopal, Dipesh P; Alwan, Nisreen; Wright, Alexa; Chaudhry, Ashish; Clark, Sophie; Band, Rebecca; Chew-Graham, Carolyn A


Nina Smyth

Damien Ridge

Dipesh P Gopal

Nisreen Alwan

Alexa Wright

Ashish Chaudhry

Sophie Clark

Rebecca Band


People from ethnic minority groups are disproportionately affected by COVID-19, are less likely to access primary healthcare and report dissatisfaction with healthcare. Whilst the prevalence of Long Covid in ethnic minority groups is unclear, these groups are under-represented in Long Covid specialist clinics and Long Covid lived experience research which informed the original Long Covid healthcare guidelines. To understand lived experiences of Long Covid in people from ethnic minority groups. Qualitative study with people living with Long Covid in the UK. Semi-structured interviews with people who self-disclosed Long Covid were conducted (between June 2022 and June 2023) via telephone or video call. Thematic analysis was conducted. People living with Long Covid or caring for someone with Long Covid advised on all stages of the research. Interviews were conducted with 31 participants representing diverse socio-economic demographics. Help-seeking barriers included little awareness of Long Covid or available support and not feeling worthy of receiving care. Negative healthcare encounters were reported in primary healthcare; however, these services were crucial for accessing secondary or specialist care. There were further access difficulties and dissatisfaction with specialist care. Experiences of stigma and discrimination contributed to delays in seeking healthcare and unsatisfactory experiences, resulting in feelings of mistrust in healthcare. Experiences of stigma and discrimination resulted in negative healthcare experiences and mistrust in healthcare, creating barriers to help-seeking. Empathy, validation of experiences, and fairness in recognition and support of healthcare needs are required to restore trust in healthcare. [Abstract copyright: Copyright © 2024, The Authors.]


Smyth, N., Ridge, D., Kingstone, T., Gopal, D. P., Alwan, N., Wright, A., …Chew-Graham, C. A. (in press). People from ethnic minorities seeking help for Long Covid: a qualitative study. British Journal of General Practice (BJGP), BJGP.2023.0631.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 13, 2024
Online Publication Date May 28, 2024
Deposit Date Jun 17, 2024
Publicly Available Date Jun 17, 2024
Journal The British journal of general practice : the journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
Print ISSN 0960-1643
Publisher Royal College of General Practitioners
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Pages BJGP.2023.0631
Public URL


BJGP AAM (417 Kb)


Publisher Licence URL

Copyright Statement
© 2024 The Author(s). This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License Published by British Journal of General Practice. For editorial process and policies, see:

You might also like

Downloadable Citations