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Shifting Geographical Transmission Patterns: Characterizing the 2023 Fatal Dengue Outbreak in Bangladesh (2024)
Working Paper
Nayeem Hasan, M., Rahman, M., Fahim Uddin, M., Ali Akbar Ashrafi, S., Rahman, K. M., Kumar Paul, K., …Haider, N. Shifting Geographical Transmission Patterns: Characterizing the 2023 Fatal Dengue Outbreak in Bangladesh

In 2023, Bangladesh experienced its largest and deadliest outbreak of Dengue virus (DENV), reporting the highest-ever recorded annual cases and deaths. We aimed to characterize the geographical transmission of the DENV in Bangladesh. From 1 Jan – 31... Read More about Shifting Geographical Transmission Patterns: Characterizing the 2023 Fatal Dengue Outbreak in Bangladesh.

Co-producing a culturally sensitive storytelling intervention with Nepalese migrant workers (2023)
Journal Article
Paudyal, P., Wasti, S., Neupane, P., Sapkota, J., Kulasabanathan, K., Watts, C., …Cassell, J. (in press). Co-producing a culturally sensitive storytelling intervention with Nepalese migrant workers. European Journal of Public Health, 33(Supplement_2), ckad160.1627. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckad160.1627

Background: Labour migration is an increasingly important contributing factor to Nepal's economy; remittance from migrants abroad contribute to quarter of Nepal's gross domestic product. However, this income comes at a great cost; nearly 1,000 Nepale... Read More about Co-producing a culturally sensitive storytelling intervention with Nepalese migrant workers.

Complementary and alternative therapies for PTSD in refugees and asylum seekers: a systematic review (2023)
Journal Article
Paudyal, P., Less, E., & Cooper, M. (in press). Complementary and alternative therapies for PTSD in refugees and asylum seekers: a systematic review. European Journal of Public Health, 33(Supplement_2), ckad160.929. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckad160.929

Background: Over 100 million people worldwide are displaced every year, including 26.3 million refugees and 4.5 million asylum seekers. Previous research has identified that up to 46% of asylum seekers and refugees (ASRs) use complementary and altern... Read More about Complementary and alternative therapies for PTSD in refugees and asylum seekers: a systematic review.

Mental health resilience among refugees and asylum seekers: a systematic review (2023)
Journal Article
Paudyal, P., Purkait, N., & Fey, J. (in press). Mental health resilience among refugees and asylum seekers: a systematic review. European Journal of Public Health, 33(Supplement_2), Article ckad160.1628. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckad160.1628

Background: >100 million people worldwide have been forced to flee their homes because of torture, conflict, violence, and human rights violations. Asylum Seekers and Refugees (ASRs) make up a third of this group. ASRs are more likely to experience p... Read More about Mental health resilience among refugees and asylum seekers: a systematic review.

Barriers and facilitators to seeking and accessing mental health support in primary care and the community among female migrants in Europe: a “feminisms” systematic review (2023)
Journal Article
Nyikavaranda, P., Pantelic, M., Jones, C. J., Paudyal, P., Tunks, A., & Llewellyn, C. D. (in press). Barriers and facilitators to seeking and accessing mental health support in primary care and the community among female migrants in Europe: a “feminisms” systematic review. International Journal for Equity in Health, 22(1), Article 196. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12939-023-01990-8

Background Recent years have seen record levels of migration to Europe. Female migrants are at heightened risk of developing mental health disorders, yet they face barriers to accessing mental health services in their host countries. This systematic... Read More about Barriers and facilitators to seeking and accessing mental health support in primary care and the community among female migrants in Europe: a “feminisms” systematic review.

Health and wellbeing of Nepalese migrant workers in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries: A mixed-methods study (2023)
Journal Article
Paudyal, P., Prasad Wasti, S., Neupane, P., Kulasabanathan, K., Chandra Silwal, R., Sharan Pathak, R., …Cassell, J. (2023). Health and wellbeing of Nepalese migrant workers in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries: A mixed-methods study. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmh.2023.100178

Introduction Migrant workers support low- and middle-income economies through remittances, often bearing considerable health risks with long-term consequences. This study aims to understand the health and wellbeing issues of Nepalese migrant workers... Read More about Health and wellbeing of Nepalese migrant workers in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries: A mixed-methods study.

The delivery of obesity interventions to children and adolescents with physical disabilities: a systematic review (2022)
Journal Article
Matizanadzo, J. T., & Paudyal. (2022). The delivery of obesity interventions to children and adolescents with physical disabilities: a systematic review. Journal of Public Health, 685 - 693. https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdab096

Background To examine the process and mechanisms of delivering obesity interventions to physically disabled children/adolescents. Methods PubMed, Medline, CINAHL Plus, Embase, Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, ClinicalTrials.gov, Science Direct were... Read More about The delivery of obesity interventions to children and adolescents with physical disabilities: a systematic review.

COVID-19 health information needs of older adults from ethnic minority groups in the UK: a qualitative study (2022)
Journal Article
Paudyal, P., Skinner, E., Majeed-Hajaj, S., Hughes, L. J., Khapangi Magar, N., Isobel Keeling, D., …Cassell, J. A. (2022). COVID-19 health information needs of older adults from ethnic minority groups in the UK: a qualitative study. BMJ Open, e059844 - e059844. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2021-059844

ObjectiveThis study aimed to identify the COVID-19 health information needs of older adults from ethnic minority groups in the UK.Study designA qualitative study using semistructured interviews.Setting and participantsIndian and Nepalese older adults... Read More about COVID-19 health information needs of older adults from ethnic minority groups in the UK: a qualitative study.

Burden of allergic disease among ethnic minority groups in high-income countries (2022)
Journal Article
Jones, C. J., Paudyal, P., West, R. M., Mansur, A. H., Jay, N., Makwana, N., …Krishna, M. T. (2022). Burden of allergic disease among ethnic minority groups in high-income countries. Clinical and Experimental Allergy, 604 - 615. https://doi.org/10.1111/cea.14131

The COVID-19 pandemic raised acute awareness regarding inequities and inequalities and poor clinical outcomes amongst ethnic minority groups. Studies carried out in North America, the UK and Australia have shown a relatively high burden of asthma and... Read More about Burden of allergic disease among ethnic minority groups in high-income countries.

Association between Smokeless Tobacco Use and Waterpipe Smoking and the Risk of Lung Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Current Epidemiological Evidence (2022)
Journal Article
Rogers, I., Memon, A., & Paudyal, P. (2022). Association between Smokeless Tobacco Use and Waterpipe Smoking and the Risk of Lung Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Current Epidemiological Evidence. https://doi.org/10.31557/apjcp.2022.23.5.1451

Background: Smokeless tobacco and waterpipes are used by hundreds of millions of people worldwide and consumption rates exceed that of cigarette smoking in much of South East Asia and parts of the Middle East. However, the cancer risks of these metho... Read More about Association between Smokeless Tobacco Use and Waterpipe Smoking and the Risk of Lung Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Current Epidemiological Evidence.

Qualitative study on mental health and well-being of Syrian refugees and their coping mechanisms towards integration in the UK (2021)
Journal Article
Paudyal, P., Tattan, M., & Cooper, M. J. F. (2021). Qualitative study on mental health and well-being of Syrian refugees and their coping mechanisms towards integration in the UK. BMJ Open, e046065 - e046065. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-046065

ObjectiveThis study aimed to explore the mental well-being of Syrian refugees and identify their coping mechanisms and pathways towards integration into new communities.DesignQualitative study using in-depth semi-structured interviews.Setting and par... Read More about Qualitative study on mental health and well-being of Syrian refugees and their coping mechanisms towards integration in the UK.

“Vaccine Passports” May Backfire: Findings from a Cross-Sectional Study in the UK and Israel on Willingness to Get Vaccinated against COVID-19 (2021)
Journal Article
Porat, T., Burnell, R., Calvo, R. A., Ford, E., Paudyal, P., Baxter, W. L., & Parush, A. (2021). “Vaccine Passports” May Backfire: Findings from a Cross-Sectional Study in the UK and Israel on Willingness to Get Vaccinated against COVID-19. Vaccines, 902 - 902. https://doi.org/10.3390/vaccines9080902

Domestic “vaccine passports” are being implemented across the world as a way of increasing vaccinated people’s freedom of movement and to encourage vaccination. However, these vaccine passports may affect people’s vaccination decisions in unintended... Read More about “Vaccine Passports” May Backfire: Findings from a Cross-Sectional Study in the UK and Israel on Willingness to Get Vaccinated against COVID-19.

Public Health and Risk Communication During COVID-19—Enhancing Psychological Needs to Promote Sustainable Behavior Change (2020)
Journal Article
Porat, T., Nyrup, R., Calvo, R. A., Paudyal, P., & Ford, E. (2020). Public Health and Risk Communication During COVID-19—Enhancing Psychological Needs to Promote Sustainable Behavior Change. Frontiers in Public Health, https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2020.573397

Background: The current COVID-19 pandemic requires sustainable behavior change to mitigate the impact of the virus. A phenomenon which has arisen in parallel with this pandemic is an infodemic—an over-abundance of information, of which some is accura... Read More about Public Health and Risk Communication During COVID-19—Enhancing Psychological Needs to Promote Sustainable Behavior Change.

Health and well-being issues of Nepalese migrant workers in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries and Malaysia: a systematic review (2020)
Journal Article
Paudyal, P., Kulasabanathan, K., Cassell, J. A., Memon, A., Simkhada, P., & Prasad Wasti, S. (2020). Health and well-being issues of Nepalese migrant workers in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries and Malaysia: a systematic review. BMJ Open, e038439 - e038439. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-038439

ObjectiveTo summarise the evidence on health and well-being of Nepalese migrant workers in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries and Malaysia.DesignSystematic review.Data sourcesEMBASE, MEDLINE, Scopus and Global Health databases.Eligibility c... Read More about Health and well-being issues of Nepalese migrant workers in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries and Malaysia: a systematic review.

A service evaluation of a Hospital In-reach Service for people who are homeless in South England (2020)
Journal Article
Blackwell-Green, G., Sargeant, C., & Paudyal, P. (2020). A service evaluation of a Hospital In-reach Service for people who are homeless in South England. European Journal of Public Health, https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckaa166.517

Abstract Background Homelessness has increased dramatically in the last decade, with an estimated 165% increase in rough sleeping alone in England since 2010. People experiencing homelessness can often have what is referred to as the tri-morbidity;... Read More about A service evaluation of a Hospital In-reach Service for people who are homeless in South England.

A qualitative study on mental health and wellbeing of Syrian refugees in the UK (2020)
Journal Article
Tattan, M., Paudyal, P., & Cooper, M. (2020). A qualitative study on mental health and wellbeing of Syrian refugees in the UK. European Journal of Public Health, https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckaa166.760

Abstract Background The Syrian conflict has resulted in an estimated 5.3 million registered Syrian refugees in various parts of the world. Evidence suggests that these individuals are at considerable risk of developing common mental disorders. This... Read More about A qualitative study on mental health and wellbeing of Syrian refugees in the UK.

Risk factors for unplanned hospital admission in a specialist homeless general practice population: case–control study to investigate the relationship with tri-morbidity (2020)
Journal Article
Himsworth, C., Paudyal, P., & Sargeant, C. (2020). Risk factors for unplanned hospital admission in a specialist homeless general practice population: case–control study to investigate the relationship with tri-morbidity. British Journal of General Practice (BJGP), e406 - e411. https://doi.org/10.3399/bjgp20X710141

Background‘Tri-morbidity’ describes the complex comorbidity of chronic physical illness, mental illness, and alcohol and/or drug misuse within the homeless population. Poor health outcomes of homeless people are reflected by the higher rate of unplan... Read More about Risk factors for unplanned hospital admission in a specialist homeless general practice population: case–control study to investigate the relationship with tri-morbidity.

“DLQI Seems to be ‘Action’, and Skindex-29 Seems to be ‘Emotion’”: Qualitative Study of the Perceptions of Patients with Psoriasis or Eczema on Two Common Dermatology-specific Quality of Life Measures (2020)
Journal Article
Paudyal, P., Apfelbacher, C., Jones, C., Siddiqui, S., El-Turki, A., DeGiovanni, C., & Smith, H. (2020). “DLQI Seems to be ‘Action’, and Skindex-29 Seems to be ‘Emotion’”: Qualitative Study of the Perceptions of Patients with Psoriasis or Eczema on Two Common Dermatology-specific Quality of Life Measures. Acta Dermato-Venereologica, adv00105 - 6. https://doi.org/10.2340/00015555-3417

Little is known about which quality of life measure best captures the lived experience of people with a chronic skin condition. The purpose of this study was to explore patients? views on the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) and Skindex-29. Part... Read More about “DLQI Seems to be ‘Action’, and Skindex-29 Seems to be ‘Emotion’”: Qualitative Study of the Perceptions of Patients with Psoriasis or Eczema on Two Common Dermatology-specific Quality of Life Measures.

Effectiveness of health education materials in general practice waiting rooms: a cross-sectional study (2018)
Journal Article
Maskell, K., McDonald, P., & Paudyal, P. (2018). Effectiveness of health education materials in general practice waiting rooms: a cross-sectional study. British Journal of General Practice (BJGP), 68(677), e869-e876. https://doi.org/10.3399/bjgp18x699773

Background Health education materials (HEMs) are widely used in general practice. However, there is little information on the variety of HEMs currently available to patients in the UK, or their preferences for accessing educational materials. Aim... Read More about Effectiveness of health education materials in general practice waiting rooms: a cross-sectional study.