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Dynamical Magnetic Response of Iron Oxide Nanoparticles Inside Live Cells

Cabrera, David; Coene, Annelies; Leliaert, Jonathan; Artés-Ibáñez, Emilio J.; Dupré, Luc; Telling, Neil D.; Teran, Francisco J.

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Annelies Coene

Jonathan Leliaert

Emilio J. Artés-Ibáñez

Luc Dupré

Francisco J. Teran


Magnetic nanoparticles exposed to alternating magnetic fields have shown a great potential acting as magnetic hyperthermia mediators for cancer treatment. However, a dramatic and unexplained reduction of the nanoparticle magnetic heating efficiency has been evidenced when nanoparticles are located inside cells or tissues. Recent studies suggest the enhancement of nanoparticle clustering and/or immobilization after interaction with cells as possible causes, although a quantitative description of the influence of biological matrices on the magnetic response of magnetic nanoparticles under AC magnetic fields is still lacking. Here, we studied the effect of cell internalization on the dynamical magnetic response of iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs). AC magnetometry and magnetic susceptibility measurements of two magnetic core sizes (11 and 21 nm) underscored differences in the dynamical magnetic response following cell uptake with effects more pronounced for larger sizes. Two methodologies have been employed for experimentally determining the magnetic heat losses of magnetic nanoparticles inside live cells without risking their viability as well as the suitability of magnetic nanostructures for in vitro hyperthermia studies. Our experimental results-supported by theoretical calculations-reveal that the enhancement of intracellular IONP clustering mainly drives the cell internalization effects rather than intracellular IONP immobilization. Understanding the effects related to the nanoparticle transit into live cells on their magnetic response will allow the design of nanostructures containing magnetic nanoparticles whose dynamical magnetic response will remain invariable in any biological environments, allowing sustained and predictable in vivo heating efficiency.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Mar 6, 2018
Publication Date Mar 27, 2018
Journal ACS Nano
Print ISSN 1936-0851
Publisher American Chemical Society
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 12
Issue 3
Pages 2741-2752
Keywords dynamical magnetic response, live cells, magnetic hyperthermia, magnetic interactions, magnetic nanoparticles
Publisher URL


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