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Significant changes in the magma dynamics of Stromboli steady-state volcano recorded by clinopyroxene crystals.

Petrone, Chiara Maria; Di Stefano, Flavio; Gertisser, Ralf; Mollo, Silvio; Tommasini, Simone; Del Bello, Elisabetta; Andronico, Daniele; Scarlato, Piergiorgio; Giacomoni, Pierpaolo; Coltorti, Massimo

Significant changes in the magma dynamics of Stromboli steady-state volcano recorded by clinopyroxene crystals. Thumbnail


Authors

Chiara Maria Petrone

Flavio Di Stefano

Silvio Mollo

Simone Tommasini

Elisabetta Del Bello

Daniele Andronico

Piergiorgio Scarlato

Pierpaolo Giacomoni

Massimo Coltorti



Abstract

<jats:p> &amp;lt;p&amp;gt;Steady-state volcanic activity implies equilibrium between the rate of magma replenishment and eruption of compositionally homogeneous magmas, lasting for tens to thousands of years in an open conduit system. The Present-day activity of Stromboli volcano (Aeolian Islands, Southern Italy) has long been recognised as typical of a steady-state volcano, with a shallow magmatic reservoir (highly porphyritic or hp-magma) continuously refilled by more mafic magma (with low phenocryst content or lp-magma) at a constant rate and accompanied by mixing, crystallisation and eruption. The lp-magma is erupted only during more violent explosive events (paroxysms), which usually occur at intervals of a few years. However, the two most recent paroxysms occurred at very short timescales on 3 July and 28 August 2019 offering the unique opportunity of obtaining crucial information on the current magma dynamics of Stromboli.&amp;lt;/p&amp;gt;&amp;lt;p&amp;gt;Albeit the plumbing system shows such uniformity, clinopyroxene phenocrysts exhibit marked chemical heterogeneities and complex textures caused by continuous lp-hp magma mixing as well as antecryst recycling from different mush portions. The compositional zoning in clinopyroxene provides essential information on pre-eruptive magma dynamics, indicating multi-stage crystallization across the lp-hp-reservoirs, where diopsidic compositions are markers of more primitive, high-T magmas injecting into shallow, low-T domains of the plumbing system. By comparing clinopyroxene texture, chemistry and residence times from the Present-day eruptions with the previous Post-Pizzo activity, we conclude that a distinct phase in the life of Stromboli volcano commenced after the violent 2003 paroxysm. Our observations suggest there are more efficient mechanisms of mush disruption and cannibalization, in which old diopsidic antecrysts are continuously remobilized and transported by the lp-magmas permeating the mush. The disappearance of diopsidic recharge bands within augitic overgrowths indicates that over time, magmatic injections feeding the persistent Present-day activity are more intensively mixed and homogenized prior to eruption.&amp;lt;/p&amp;gt; </jats:p>

Journal Article Type Meeting Abstract
Conference Name EGU General Assembly 2020
Acceptance Date Mar 1, 2020
Publication Date May 8, 2020
Journal EHU General Assembly 2020
DOI https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-18109
Publisher URL https://meetingorganizer.copernicus.org/EGU2020/EGU2020-18109.html

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