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Reducing risks associated with medicines and lifestyle in a residential care population with intellectual disabilities: evaluation of a pharmacy review initiative in England.

Thayer, Nick; White, Simon; Islam, Jasmeen; Jones, Wesley; Kenzie, Stephanie; Kullu, Rajni

Reducing risks associated with medicines and lifestyle in a residential care population with intellectual disabilities: evaluation of a pharmacy review initiative in England. Thumbnail


Authors

Nick Thayer

Jasmeen Islam

Wesley Jones

Stephanie Kenzie

Rajni Kullu



Abstract

OBJECTIVES: A collaborative service initiative involving community pharmacists and a specialist mental health pharmacist was developed to provide pharmacist reviews for care home residents with intellectual disabilities (IDs). This study aimed to characterise the medicines and lifestyle risk outcomes of the service and determine how these align with national priority issues in ID. DESIGN: Descriptive statistical analysis of routinely collected service delivery data. SETTING: Residential care homes in the Wirral, England for people with ID. PARTICIPANTS: 160 residents. INTERVENTIONS: Pharmacist review of residents' medicines and lifestyle risk factors between November 2019 and May 2020. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Numbers of medicines prescribed, the nature of pharmacists' interventions/recommendations and general practitioner (GP)/psychiatrist acceptance. RESULTS: The 160 residents were prescribed 1207 medicines, 74% were prescribed =5 medicines and 507 interventions/recommendations were made, averaging 3.3 per resident. The highest proportion (30.4%) were lifestyle risk related, while changing and stopping medicines accounted for 17.9% and 12.8%, respectively. Of the recommendations discussed with GPs/psychiatrists, 86% were accepted. Medicines with anticholinergic properties were prescribed for 115 (72%) residents, of whom 43 (37%) had a high anticholinergic burden score. Pharmacists recommended anticholinergic discontinuation or dose reduction for 28 (24%) residents. The pharmacists made interventions/recommendations about constipation management for 10% of residents and about respiratory medicines for 17 (81%) of the 21 residents with respiratory diagnoses. CONCLUSIONS: The findings indicate considerable polypharmacy among the residents and a high level of pharmacists' interventions/recommendations about medicines and lifestyle risk, most of which were accepted by GPs/psychiatrists. This included anticholinergic burden reduction and improving respiratory disease and constipation management, which are national priority issues. Wider adoption of collaborative pharmacist review models could have similar benefits for residential populations with ID and potentially reduce pressure on other health services.

Citation

Thayer, N., White, S., Islam, J., Jones, W., Kenzie, S., & Kullu, R. (2021). Reducing risks associated with medicines and lifestyle in a residential care population with intellectual disabilities: evaluation of a pharmacy review initiative in England. BMJ Open, 11(8), Article e046630. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-046630

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jun 25, 2021
Publication Date Aug 17, 2021
Journal BMJ Open
Publisher BMJ Publishing Group
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 11
Issue 8
Article Number e046630
DOI https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-046630
Keywords adult psychiatry; mental health; primary care
Publisher URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-046630

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