Predictors of interest in predictive testing for rheumatoid arthritis amongst first degree relatives of rheumatoid arthritis patients.
OBJECTIVES: There is increasing interest in prediction and prevention of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). It is important to understand the views of those at risk to inform the development of effective approaches. First-degree relatives (FDRs) of RA patients are at increased risk of RA. This study assessed predictors of their interest in predictive testing for RA.
METHODS: Questionnaires were completed by RA patients (provided with their questionnaire by a healthcare professional) and their FDRs (provided with their questionnaire by their RA proband). FDR surveys assessed interest in taking a predictive test, demographic variables, perceived RA risk, attitudes about predictive testing, autonomy preferences, illness perceptions, avoidance coping and health anxiety. Patient surveys included demographic variables, disease impact, RA duration and treatment. Ordinal logistic regression examined the association between FDRs' characteristics and their interest in predictive testing. Generalised estimating equations assessed associations between patient characteristics and FDRs' interest in predictive testing.
RESULTS: 396 FDRs responded. Paired data from the RA proband were available for 292. 91.3% of FDRs were interested in predictive testing. Information seeking preferences, beliefs that predictive testing can increase empowerment over health and positive attitudes about risk knowledge were associated with increased interest. Beliefs that predictive testing could cause psychological harm predicted lower interest. Patient characteristics of the proband were not associated with FDRs' interest.
CONCLUSIONS: FDRs' interest in predictive testing for RA was high, and factors associated with interest were identified. These findings will inform the development of predictive strategies and informational resources for those at risk.
|Acceptance Date||Nov 5, 2021|
|Publication Date||Nov 30, 2021|
|Publisher||Oxford University Press|
|Keywords||RA; predictive testing; first degree relatives; survey; risk perception|