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Kernelized dynamic convolution routing in spatial and channel interaction for attentive concrete defect recognition

Mandal, Bappaditya



Image/video based defect recognition is a crucial task in automating visual inspection of concrete structures. Although some progress has been made to automatically recognize defects in concrete structural images, significant challenges still exist. In this work, we propose a deep convolutional neural network architecture that embeds novel spatial-channel interaction based concurrent attention (SCA) for multi-target, multi-class defect recognition. SCA module stems from novel kernel salient feature (KSF) encoder that captures higher-order features with robust discriminative representation of concrete defects. KSF encoder incorporates kernelized convolution followed by dynamic routing operation to be used as the primary building block. The proposed CSDNet architecture is able to apportion higher weightage in defective regions while suppressing large background area (healthy region), thereby improving recognition performance of overlapping defects in concrete structures. Experimental results and ablation study on four large benchmark datasets show consistent superiority of our proposed network as compared to current state-of-the-art methodologies. This end-to-end trainable architecture can be augmented with unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) to monitor health of massive infrastructures to leverage high concrete defect recognition performance.

Acceptance Date Jul 8, 2022
Publication Date Jul 18, 2022
Publicly Available Date Jul 19, 2024
Journal Signal Processing: Image Communication
Print ISSN 0923-5965
Publisher Elsevier
Pages 116818 - 116818
Keywords Kernel salient feature encoder; Spatial-channel attention; Concrete structural defect; Convolutional neural network; Multi-target multi-class classification
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