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Discovery of TOI-1260d and the characterization of the multiplanet system

Lam, K W F; Cabrera, J; Hooton, M J; Alibert, Y; Bonfanti, A; Beck, M; Deline, A; Florén, H-G; Simon, A E; Fossati, L; Persson, C M; Fridlund, M; Salmon, S; Hoyer, S; Osborn, H P; Wilson, T G; Georgieva, I Y; Nowak, Gr; Luque, R; Egger, J A; Adibekyan, V; Alonso, R; Escudé, G A; Bárczy, T; Barrado, D; Barros, S C C; Baumjohann, W; Beck, T; Bekkelien, A; Benz, W; Billot, N; Bonfils, X; Brandeker, A; Broeg, C; Charnoz, S; Cameron, A C; Csizmadia, Sz; Davies, M B; Deleuil, M; Delrez, L; Demangeon, O D S; Demory, B-O; Ehrenreich, D; Erikson, A; Fortier, A; Futyan, D; Gandolfi, D; Gillon, M; Guedel, M; Guterman, P; Laskar, J; Latham, D W; Lecavelier des Etangs, A; Lendl, M; Lovis, C; Heng, K; Isaak, K G; Kiss, L; Magrin, D; Maxted, P F L; Nascimbeni, V; Olofsson, G; Ottensamer, R; Pagano, I; Pallé, E; Peter, G; Piotto, G; Pollacco, D; Queloz, D; Ribas, I; Ragazzoni, R; Rando, N; Rauer, H; Santos, N C; Scandariato, G; Seager, S; Ségransan, D; Serrano, L M; Smith, A M S; Sousa, S G; Steller,...

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K W F Lam

J Cabrera

M J Hooton

Y Alibert

A Bonfanti

M Beck

A Deline

H-G Florén

A E Simon

L Fossati

C M Persson

M Fridlund

S Salmon

S Hoyer

H P Osborn

T G Wilson

I Y Georgieva

Gr Nowak

R Luque

J A Egger

V Adibekyan

R Alonso

G A Escudé

T Bárczy

D Barrado

S C C Barros

W Baumjohann

T Beck

A Bekkelien

W Benz

N Billot

X Bonfils

A Brandeker

C Broeg

S Charnoz

A C Cameron

Sz Csizmadia

M B Davies

M Deleuil

L Delrez

O D S Demangeon

B-O Demory

D Ehrenreich

A Erikson

A Fortier

D Futyan

D Gandolfi

M Gillon

M Guedel

P Guterman

J Laskar

D W Latham

A Lecavelier des Etangs

M Lendl

C Lovis

K Heng

K G Isaak

L Kiss

D Magrin

V Nascimbeni

G Olofsson

R Ottensamer

I Pagano

E Pallé

G Peter

G Piotto

D Pollacco

D Queloz

I Ribas

R Ragazzoni

N Rando

H Rauer

N C Santos

G Scandariato

S Seager

D Ségransan

L M Serrano

A M S Smith

S G Sousa

M Steller

Gy M Szabó

N Thomas

S Udry

V Van Grootel

N A Walton

J N Winn.


We report the discovery of a third planet transiting the star TOI-1260, previously known to host two transiting sub-Neptune planets with orbital periods of 3.127 and 7.493 d, respectively. The nature of the third transiting planet with a 16.6-d orbit is supported by ground-based follow-up observations, including time-series photometry, high-angular resolution images, spectroscopy, and archival imagery. Precise photometric monitoring with CHEOPS allows to improve the constraints on the parameters of the system, improving our knowledge on their composition. The improved radii of TOI-1260b and TOI-1260c are 2.36 +/- 0.06R(circle plus), 2.82 +/- 0.08R(circle plus), respectively while the newly discovered third planet has a radius of 3.09 +/- 0.09R(circle plus). The radius uncertainties are in the range of 3 per cent, allowing a precise interpretation of the interior structure of the three planets. Our planet interior composition model suggests that all three planets in the TOI-1260 system contains some fraction of gas. The innermost planet TOI-1260b has most likely lost all of its primordial hydrogen-dominated envelope. Planets c and d were also likely to have experienced significant loss of atmospheric through escape, but to a lesser extent compared to planet b.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 24, 2022
Online Publication Date Dec 12, 2022
Publication Date Feb 1, 2023
Publicly Available Date May 30, 2023
Journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Print ISSN 0035-8711
Publisher Oxford University Press
Volume 519
Issue 1
Pages 1437 - 1451
Keywords techniques: photometric, techniques: radial velocities, planets and satellites: composition, planets and satellites: detection, planets and satellites: individual: TOI-1260b, c, d, stars: individual: TOI-1260
Publisher URL


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