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Probing magnetization dynamics of iron oxide nanoparticles using a point-probe magneto-optical method

Wang, Xuyiling; Cabrera, David; Yang, Ying; Telling, Neil


Xuyiling Wang


Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) are promising as local heat generators for magnetic hyperthermia under AC magnetic fields. The heating efficacy of MNPs is determined by the AC hysteresis loop area, which in turn is affected by the dynamic magnetic properties of the nanoparticles. Whilst inductive-based AC magnetometers can measure the average magnetic behavior of samples, the use of the magneto-optical Faraday effect with a focused laser spot allows point-probe measurements to be made, and without some of the magnetic field limitations imposed by inductive methods. In this work, the AC magnetic properties of different sized iron oxide MNPs in suspension were measured by AC magnetometry and AC susceptibility techniques. AC hysteresis loops measured by magneto-optical magnetometry were validated using a commercial inductive AC magnetometer, and compared to the magnetization relaxation behavior revealed by fitting the AC susceptibility data. The spatial sensitivity of the point-probe magneto-optical method is also demonstrated by measuring the AC hysteresis loop from large (>1 μm) MNP aggregates dried onto glass slides. These aggregated particles are found to be magnetically softer than in their suspension form, suggesting interparticle coupling mechanisms could occur when the nanoparticles form dense aggregates.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Aug 2, 2023
Online Publication Date Aug 10, 2023
Deposit Date Sep 7, 2023
Publicly Available Date Sep 7, 2023
Journal Frontiers in Nanotechnology
Electronic ISSN 2673-3013
Publisher Frontiers Media
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 5
Article Number 1214313
Keywords magnetic hyperthermia, Faraday effect, magnetic nanoparticles, AC susceptibility, AC magnetometry


Probing magnetization dynamics of iron oxide nanoparticles using a point-probe magneto-optical method (4.8 Mb)


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This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

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