Aphid genomic resources enable the study of complex life history traits and provide information on vector biology, host adaption and speciation. The currant–lettuce aphid (Nasonovia ribisnigri (Hemiptera: Aphididae) (Mosley)) is a cosmopolitan pest o... Read More about Genome assembly and transcriptomic analysis to elucidate the ability of Nasonovia ribisnigri to break host plant resistance.
This article intervenes in debates about whether public-facing social media enable the rapid spread of hate speech, or whether these platforms can offer valuable opportunities to contest it. Advancing scholarship on ‘networked counter-publics’ and re... Read More about 'Hypocrite!' Affective and argumentative engagement on Twitter, following the Christchurch terrorist attack.
Infections with persistent or latent viruses alter host immune homeostasis and have potential to affect the outcome of concomitant acute viral infections such as influenza A virus (IAV). Gammaherpesviruses establish life-long infections and require a... Read More about Latent gammaherpesvirus infection enhances type I IFN response and reduces virus spread in an influenza A virus co-infection model..
The study of exogenous and endogenous nanoscale magnetic material in biology is important for developing biomedical nanotechnology as well as for understanding fundamental biological processes such as iron metabolism and biomineralization. Here, we e... Read More about Optical Microscopy Using the Faraday Effect Reveals in Situ Magnetization Dynamics of Magnetic Nanoparticles in Biological Samples.
A Galactic Eclipse: The Small Magellanic Cloud Is Forming Stars in Two Superimposed Systems (2024)
The structure and dynamics of the star-forming disk of the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) have long confounded us. The SMC is widely used as a prototype for galactic physics at low metallicity, and yet we fundamentally lack an understanding of the stru... Read More about A Galactic Eclipse: The Small Magellanic Cloud Is Forming Stars in Two Superimposed Systems.
Background: Healthcare system data (HSD) are increasingly used in clinical trials, augmenting or replacing traditional methods of collecting outcome data. This study, PRIMORANT, set out to identify, in the UK context, issues to be considered before t... Read More about Using healthcare systems data for outcomes in clinical trials: issues to consider at the design stage.
Synthesis of a heparan sulfate tetrasaccharide using automated glycan assembly † (2024)
Herein we utilise automated glycan assembly to complete solid-phase synthesis of defined heparan sulfate oligosaccharides, employing challenging d-glucuronate disaccharide donors. Using an orthogonally protected d-GlcN-α-d-GlcA donor, milligram-scale... Read More about Synthesis of a heparan sulfate tetrasaccharide using automated glycan assembly †.
Responding to misrepresentation: Sample pack creation, branding and distribution (2024)
This article documents the creation and distribution of a new sample pack, Instruments INDIA, as an intervention against systemic orientalist practices observable within the marketing, branding and production of non-Western instrument sample packs. T... Read More about Responding to misrepresentation: Sample pack creation, branding and distribution.
Bricks, brick-making, and the economies of the Old Poor Law: Staffordshire 1750-1834 (2024)
This article considers the place of brickmaking as an activity supported or promoted by parish poor relief. Parochial work schemes were typically founded on agricultural work, textile manufacturing, or unskilled tasks like oakum picking, yet the man... Read More about Bricks, brick-making, and the economies of the Old Poor Law: Staffordshire 1750-1834.
Large explosive volcanic eruptions from island arcs pour pyroclastic currents into marine basins, impacting ecosystems and generating tsunamis that threaten coastal communities and infrastructures. Risk assessments require robust records of such high... Read More about Giant offshore pumice deposit records a shallow submarine explosive eruption of ancestral Santorini.
The mosquito microbiome is critical for host development and plays a major role in many aspects of mosquito biology. While the microbiome is commonly dominated by a small number of genera, there is considerable variation in composition among mosquito... Read More about Aedes aegypti gut transcriptomes respond differently to microbiome transplants from field‐caught or laboratory‐reared mosquitoes.
Nutrition and diet are key modifiable risk factors for the rising burden of non-communicable diseases like cardio-vascular diseases and diabetes in low- and middle- income countries (LMICs). The nutritional transition in dietary behaviours in LMICs h... Read More about The Colombo Twin and Singleton Study (COTASS): Piloting the Feasibility of Collecting Nutritional Data and Extension of the Sample to Include Children of Twins..
Introduction: There is a growing body of research evidencing the detrimental impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the mental health and well-being of young people. This impact may be worse in low-resource settings, especially those in sub-Saharan Afric... Read More about Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on young people living with HIV in Lesotho: a qualitative study.
Low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) globally have undergone rapid urbanisation, and changes in demography and health behaviours. In Sri Lanka, cardio-vascular disease and diabetes are now leading causes of mortality. High prevalence of their ris... Read More about Frequency of Consumption of Food Groups and Cardio-Metabolic Risk Factors: A Genetically Informative Twin Study in Sri Lanka..
A Scoping Review of the Effects of Ambient Air Quality on Cognitive Frailty (2023)
Environmental and public health research has given considerable attention to the impact of air quality on brain health, with systematic reviews being widespread. No literature review has been conducted for cognitive frailty—a multidimensional syndrom... Read More about A Scoping Review of the Effects of Ambient Air Quality on Cognitive Frailty.
Unsettled crossings: Underpass journeys in an English town (2023)
What kinds of ‘sensory configurations’ (Thomas, 2010), and moral orders, are created in places that are simultaneously formed and rendered marginal by infrastructures of hegemonic automobility? In this paper, we explore this question with reference t... Read More about Unsettled crossings: Underpass journeys in an English town.
TOI-544 b: a potential water-world inside the radius valley in a two-planet system (2023)
We report on the precise radial velocity follow-up of TOI-544 (HD 290498), a bright K star (V=10.8), which hosts a small transiting planet recently discovered by the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS). We collected 122 high-resolution HARPS... Read More about TOI-544 b: a potential water-world inside the radius valley in a two-planet system.
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with fluid excess which can be estimated by bioimpedance spectroscopy. We aimed to assess effects of sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibition on bioimpedance-derived “Fluid Overload” and adipos... Read More about Effects of Empagliflozin on Fluid Overload, Weight and Blood Pressure in Chronic Kidney Disease.
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