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Development of the Preferred Components for Co-Design in Research Guideline and Checklist: Protocol for a Scoping Review and a Modified Delphi Process.

Munce, Sarah Ep; Steele Gray, Carolyn; Pomeroy, Beverley Claire; Bayley, Mark; Kokorelias, Kristina Marie; Luong, Dorothy; Biddiss, Elaine; Cave, Trish; Bragge, Peter; Chew-Graham, Carolyn A; Colquhoun, Heather; Dadich, Ann; Dainty, Katie N; Elliott, Mark; Feng, Patrick; Goldhar, Jodeme; Hamilton, Clayon B; Harvey, Gillian; Kastner, Monika; Kothari, Anita; Langley, Joe; Jeffs, Lianne; Masterson, Daniel; Nelson, Michelle LA; Perrier, Laure; Riley, John; Sellen, Kate; Seto, Emily; Simpson, Robert; Staniszewska, Sophie; Srinivasan, Vasanthi; Straus, Sharon E; Tricco, Andrea C; Kuluski, Kerry


Sarah Ep Munce

Carolyn Steele Gray

Beverley Claire Pomeroy

Mark Bayley

Kristina Marie Kokorelias

Dorothy Luong

Elaine Biddiss

Trish Cave

Peter Bragge

Heather Colquhoun

Ann Dadich

Katie N Dainty

Mark Elliott

Patrick Feng

Jodeme Goldhar

Clayon B Hamilton

Gillian Harvey

Monika Kastner

Anita Kothari

Joe Langley

Lianne Jeffs

Daniel Masterson

Michelle LA Nelson

Laure Perrier

John Riley

Kate Sellen

Emily Seto

Robert Simpson

Sophie Staniszewska

Vasanthi Srinivasan

Sharon E Straus

Andrea C Tricco

Kerry Kuluski


There is increasing evidence that co-design can lead to more engaging, acceptable, relevant, feasible, and even effective interventions. However, no guidance is provided on the specific designs and associated methods or methodologies involved in the process. We propose the development of the Preferred Components for Co-design in Research (PRECISE) guideline to enhance the consistency, transparency, and quality of reporting co-design studies used to develop complex health interventions.

The aim is to develop the first iteration of the PRECISE guideline. The purpose of the PRECISE guideline is to improve the consistency, transparency, and quality of reporting on studies that use co-design to develop complex health interventions.

The aim will be achieved by addressing the following objectives: to review and synthesize the literature on the models, theories, and frameworks used in the co-design of complex health interventions to identify their common elements (components, values or principles, associated methods and methodologies, and outcomes); and by using the results of the scoping review, prioritize the co-design components, values or principles, associated methods and methodologies, and outcomes to be included in the PRECISE guideline.

The project has been funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research.

The collective results of this project will lead to a ready-to-implement PRECISE guideline that outlines a minimum set of items to include when reporting the co-design of complex health interventions. The PRECISE guideline will improve the consistency, transparency, and quality of reports of studies. Additionally, it will include guidance on how to enact or enable the values or principles of co-design for meaningful and collaborative solutions (interventions). PRECISE might also be used by peer reviewers and editors to improve the review of manuscripts involving co-design. Ultimately, the PRECISE guideline will facilitate more efficient use of new results about complex health intervention development and bring better returns on research investments.

International Registered Report Identifier (IRRID):

JMIR Res Protoc 2023;12:e50463

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jul 17, 2023
Online Publication Date Oct 30, 2023
Deposit Date Nov 20, 2023
Journal JMIR research protocols
Print ISSN 1929-0748
Publisher JMIR Publications
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 12
Article Number e50463
Keywords complex health intervention, scoping review, co-design, reporting, guidelines, consensus