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Comparison of the Effects of Incomplete Revascularization on 12-month Mortality in Patients <80 compared to =80 Years of Age Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention




Although randomized trial data suggest that complete revascularization improves outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), the impact of differing revascularization strategies in octogenarians is not well defined. We performed a retrospective analysis, which was conducted of 9,628 consecutive patients who underwent PCI at a large UK center. Octogenarians were more likely to have significant co-morbidity, a higher Mehran bleed risk score (24.5 ± 6.8 vs 13.3 ± 7.4, p <0.0001), and more complex disease (baseline SYNTAX score 18.7 ± 11.0 vs 13.1 ± 8.9, p = 0.002) than younger patients. During PCI, octogenarians were more likely to undergo left main or proximal LAD intervention, but despite this, significantly less likely to receive drug-eluting stents (66.5% vs 80.1%, p <0.001). Postprocedurally, octogenarians had greater residual disease burden (residual SYNTAX score 10.1 ± 8.7 vs 1.6 ± 3.3, p <0.0001). At 12 months, adverse outcomes (definite stent thrombosis 3.3% vs 1.1%, p <0.001, clinically driven in-stent restenosis PCI 3.7% vs 2.6%, p = 0.005, and 12-month mortality 12.8% vs 4.2%, p <0.0001) were all more frequent in octogenarians. Although age, shock, diabetes, and BMS use were independently predictive of increased 12-month mortality, incomplete revascularization was not. In conclusion, octogenarians are a complex group to treat balancing high-risk bleeding profile and complex coronary disease. However, in multivariate analysis, incomplete revascularization was not independently predictive of adverse outcomes. These data support a conservative target lesion—only DES-driven revascularization strategy.


Mamas. (2016). Comparison of the Effects of Incomplete Revascularization on 12-month Mortality in Patients

Acceptance Date Jul 10, 2016
Publication Date Oct 15, 2016
Journal American Journal of Cardiology
Print ISSN 0002-9149
Publisher Elsevier
Pages 1164-1170
Keywords elderly; octogenarian; bare-metal stent; drug-eluting stent; revascularisation
Publisher URL