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Epithelial ovarian cancer: influence of polymorphism at the glutathione S-transferase GSTM1 and GSTT1 loci on p53 expression

Sarhanis, P; Redman, C; Perrett, C; Brannigan, K; Clayton, RN; Hand, P; Musgrove, C; Suarez, V; Jones, P; Fryer, AA; Farrell, WE; Strange, RC


P Sarhanis

C Redman

C Perrett

K Brannigan

RN Clayton

P Hand

C Musgrove

V Suarez

P Jones

WE Farrell

RC Strange


The importance of polymorphism in the glutathione S-transferase GSTM1, GSTT1 and, cytochrome P450, CYP2D6 loci in the pathogenesis of epithelial ovarian cancer has been assessed in two studies; firstly, a case-control study designed to determine the influence of these genes on susceptibility to this cancer, and secondly, the putative role of these genes in the protection of host cell DNA has been studied by comparing p53 expression in patients with different GSTM1, GSTT1 and CYP2D6 genotypes. The frequencies of GSTM1, GSTT1 and CYP2D6 genotypes in 84 cases and 325 controls were not different. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect p53 expression in 63 of these tumours. Expression was found in 23 tumours. Of the patients demonstrating immunopositivity, 20 (87%) were GSTM1 null. The frequency distributions of GSTM1 genotypes in p53-positive and -negative samples were significantly different (P = 0.002) and those for GSTT1 genotypes approached significance (exact P = 0.057). The proportion of patients with both GSTM1 null and GSTT1 null was also significantly greater in the immunopositive (4/22) than in the immunonegative group (1/40) (P = 0.0493). Single-strand conformational polymorphism (SSCP) analysis was used to detect mutations in the 23 tumour samples demonstrating p53 positivity. A shift in electrophoretic mobility of amplified fragments was found in 11 patients (exons 5, 6, 7 and 8) and these exons were sequenced. In eight samples a mutation was found. No SCCP variants were identified in the other 12 immunopositive patients. Sequencing of exons 4-9 of p53 from these tumours resulted in the detection of mutations in two patients (exons 5 and 7). Thus, in 23 patients who demonstrated immunopositivity, p53 mutations were found in nine patients with GSTM1 null (90.0%). In the 13 patients in whom no mutations were identified, 11 were GSTM1 null (84.6%). The data show that overexpression of p53 is associated with the GSTM1 null genotype. We propose the data are compatible with the view that GSTM1 and GSTT1 are critical in the detoxification of the products of oxidative stress produced during the repair of the ovarian epithelium. Thus, failure to detoxify products of this stress may result in damage to various genes in the host cell, including to p53, resulting in persistent expression of mutant protein. In other patients, oxidative stress effects damage to various genes, but not including p53, resulting in overexpression of wild-type p53.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Jun 11, 1996
Online Publication Date Dec 1, 1996
Publication Date Dec 1, 1996
Journal British Journal of Cancer
Print ISSN 1532-1827
Publisher Cancer Research UK
Pages 1757 - 1761
Keywords Case-Control Studies, Cytochrome P-450 CYP2D6, DNA, Neoplasm, Disease Susceptibility, Female, Genotype, Glutathione Transferase, Humans, Middle Aged, Neoplasm Proteins, Ovarian Neoplasms, Polymorphism, Genetic, Polymorphism, Single-Stranded Conformational
Publisher URL
PMID 8956789