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Pregnancy As a Predictor of Maternal Cardiovascular Disease: The Era of CardioObstetrics

Mamas; Wu



Globally, cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the most common cause of mortality in women accounting for one in three deaths. There remains an under recognition of CVD as well as a lack of awareness of risk in women. Promotion of CVD prevention is essential, but the current risk assessment tools do not incorporate any sex-specific cardiovascular risk factors. There is increasing recognition of sex-specific risk factors that appear during pregnancy that are associated with CVD. These adverse pregnancy outcomes (APOs) include preeclampsia, gestational hypertension, preterm birth, gestational diabetes, delivery of a small-for-gestational-age infant, miscarriage, and high parity number. Although the underlying biological mechanism for these association remains to be elucidated, current international guidelines are beginning to recommend the inclusion of APOs in the assessment of CVD risk in women. This review summarizes the evidence for the association between APOs and future CVD. It also highlights the importance of considering APOs in the cardiovascular risk assessment, specifically in young women, allowing for targeted lifestyle-modifying interventions with the potential to alter their risk trajectory and improve their long-term cardiovascular health.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date May 31, 2019
Publication Date Aug 13, 2019
Publicly Available Date May 26, 2023
Journal Journal of Women's Health
Print ISSN 1540-9996
Publisher Mary Ann Liebert
Pages 1037 - 1050
Keywords cardiovascular disease, pregnancy, gestational hypertension, preterm birth, gestational diabetes
Publisher URL