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Minimal Object Characterisations using Harmonic Generalised Polarizability Tensors and Symmetry Groups

Ledger, P; Lionheart, B

Minimal Object Characterisations using Harmonic Generalised Polarizability Tensors and Symmetry Groups Thumbnail


B Lionheart


We introduce a new type of object characterisation, which is capable of accurately describing small iso?lated inclusions for potential field inverse problems such as in electrostatics, magnetostatics and related
low frequency Maxwell problems. Relevant applications include characterising ferrous unexploded ordnance
(UXO) from magnetostatic field measurements in magnetometry, describing small conducting inclusions
for medical imaging using electrical impedance tomography (EIT), performing geological ground surveys
using electrical resistivity imaging (ERT), characterising objects by electrosensing fish to navigate and
identify food as well as describing the effective properties of dilute composites. Our object characterisa?tion builds on the generalised polarizability tensor (GPT) object characterisation concept and provides an
alternative to the compacted GPT (CGPT). We call the new characterisations harmonic GPTs (HGPTs)
as their coefficients correspond to products of harmonic polynomials. Then, we show that the number of
independent coefficients of HGPTs needed to characterise objects can be significantly reduced by consider?ing the symmetry group of the object and propose a systematic approach for determining the subspace of
symmetric harmonic polynomials that is fixed by the group and its dimension. This enable us to determine
the independent HGPT coefficients for different symmetry groups.

Acceptance Date Aug 5, 2022
Publication Date Dec 16, 2022
Journal SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics
Print ISSN 0036-1399
Publisher Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics
Pages 2057-2079
Keywords Inverse problems, generalised polarizability tensor, object characterisation, symmetry groups,
magnetometry, electrical impedance tomography
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