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The approach to managing perinatal anxiety: A mini-review

Silverwood, Victoria Anne; Bullock, Laurna; Turner, Katrina; Chew-Graham, Carolyn; Kingstone, Tom

The approach to managing perinatal anxiety: A mini-review Thumbnail


Katrina Turner


Perinatal Anxiety (PNA) is defined as anxiety occurring during pregnancy and up to 12 months post-partum and is estimated to affect up to 20% of women. Risk factors for PNA are multiple and can be classed as psychological, social and biological. PNA negatively impacts on the mother, child and family. PNA is not well-recognized and diagnosis of PNA can be challenging for clinicians. There is currently no validated case-finding or diagnostic test available for PNA. PNA has been less extensively researched than perinatal depression (PND). Clinical guidance currently recommends pharmacological and psychological therapies for the management of women with PNA, however the limited research available suggests that other intervention types may also be effective with some evidence on the effectiveness of non-pharmacological interventions in primary care for PNA. This article provides a mini-review of PNA, summarizing current evidence around PNA including risk factors, the impact of PNA, the process of diagnosis of PNA and focussing predominantly on available management options for PNA.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Nov 23, 2022
Publication Date Dec 15, 2022
Publicly Available Date May 30, 2023
Journal Frontiers in Psychiatry
Publisher Frontiers Media
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 13
Article Number 1022459
Keywords perinatal anxiety; perinatal mental health; mini review; maternal mental health; perinatal care
Publisher URL
Additional Information © 2022 Silverwood, Bullock, Turner, Chew-Graham and Kingstone. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.


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