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Income diversification and household welfare in Uganda 1992-2012

Khan, R; Morrissey, O

Income diversification and household welfare in Uganda 1992-2012 Thumbnail


O Morrissey


We use five waves of household surveys in Uganda, from 1992/3 to 2011/12, to study income diversification and its effect on the welfare of rural and urban households during a period of sustained economic growth and poverty reduction, comparing the 1990s to the 2000s, and disaggregating by gender of the household head. Diversification is measured in terms of access to incomes from agriculture (farming), agricultural wage, self-employment (informal), wage employment and remittances. The analysis shows substantial and evolving variation in the effects of diversification across rural/urban locations and gender of the household head. Diversification became increasingly beneficial for welfare over time in rural areas, particularly for male headed households, but not for female headed households that diversified into agricultural wage employment. Diversification was also important for the livelihoods of urban households, but with large differences across male and female headed households likely reflecting differentials in the returns to non-agricultural employment. Remittances were associated with increasing welfare in the 2000s for all households, although the proportion of households receiving remittances has been declining.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Feb 6, 2023
Publication Date Apr 1, 2023
Journal Food Policy
Print ISSN 0306-9192
Electronic ISSN 1873-5657
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 116
Article Number 102421
Keywords Income diversification; Household welfare; Uganda
Publisher URL


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