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Effect of Location on Treatment and Outcomes of Cardiac Arrest Complicating Acute Myocardial Infarction in England & Wales.

Dafaalla, Mohamed; Rashid, Muhammad; Weston, Clive; Kinnaird, Tim; Gurm, Hitinder; Appleby, Clare; Shoaib, Ahmad; Stevens, Chris; Alraies, Chadi M; Curzen, Nick; Mamas, Mamas


Clive Weston

Tim Kinnaird

Hitinder Gurm

Clare Appleby

Ahmad Shoaib

Chris Stevens

Chadi M Alraies

Nick Curzen


We investigated the incidence, management, and outcomes of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients according to cardiac arrest location. Patients admitted with a diagnosis of AMI between January 1, 2010 to March 31, 2017 from the Myocardial Ischaemia National Audit Project (MINAP) were studied. We used logistic regression models to evaluate predictors of the clinical outcomes and treatment strategy. The study population consisted of 580,796 patients admitted with AMI stratified into three groups: out of hospital cardiac arrest (OOHCA) (16,278[2.8%]), in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) (21,073[3.7%]), plus a reference group consisting of those without cardiac arrest (non-cardiac arrest (543,418[93.5%]). IHCA declined steadily (from 666 per 1000 in 2010 to 477 per 1000 AMI with cardiac arrest admissions in 2017) with a commensurate rise in OOHCA (from 344 per 1000 to 533 per 1000 AMI with cardiac arrest admissions). Coronary angiography utilization (OOHCA 81.1% vs IHCA 60.3% vs non-cardiac arrest 70.4%, p < 0.001) and PCI (OOHCA 40% vs IHCA 32.8% vs non-cardiac arrest 45.2%, p < 0.001) were higher in OOHCA. In-hospital mortality odds were greatest for IHCA (OR 35.3, 95% CI 33.4-37.2) compared to OOHCA (OR 12.7, 95% CI 11.9-13.6), with the worse outcomes seen in patients on medical wards (OR 97.37, 95% CI 87.02-108.95) and the best outcomes seen in the emergency department (OR 8.35, 95% CI 7.32-9.53). In conclusion, outcomes of AMI complicated by cardiac arrest depended on cardiac arrest location, especially the outcomes of the IHCA.

Journal Article Type Article
Acceptance Date Apr 19, 2021
Online Publication Date Jun 12, 2021
Publication Date Aug 1, 2021
Journal American Journal of Cardiology
Print ISSN 0002-9149
Publisher Elsevier
Peer Reviewed Peer Reviewed
Volume 152
Pages 1 - 10
Publisher URL